July 13 : What a holiday today .Events , name and birthday on July 13 .
News / / April 02, 2016
Holidays July 13
Festival "Cologne Lights»This event is an excellent representation of lights and fireworks on the Rhine, held annually in mid-July.Cologne festival gathers unimaginable number of visitors (locals and tourists), since 2001.Moreover, with the number of viewers is only growing every year.If the first year the event was visited by tens of thousands of people, the seventh festival attracted about half a million children and adults from different countries, who wish to see an unforgettable performance, enjoy the magic, fiery and vibrant ambience, mesmerizing shimmer evening lights.Multi-colored sparks and flashes in the sky, enormous sparklers, fountains, colorful fiery pay the Rhine promenade in the real flame arena.Festival ends with a great musical performance in rhythm soars up lights.Throughout the audience of the festival is accompanied by a variety of entertainment shows, competitions, and other events, and the opportunity to taste the most delicious dishes in the world.
Statehood Day of MontenegroMontenegro National Day is celebrated annually on 13 July.celebration date was chosen in view of two factors: firstly, on this date in 1878, Montenegro was recognized as an independent Congress of Berlin (originally it was part of the Serbian state), and secondly, July 13, 1941 there began a major uprising against the Italian occupierswhich soon turned into a crisis and has played a significant role in the maturation of the civil war.
July 13 in the national calendar
Day Twelve ApostlesToday the Orthodox Church honors the memory of the twelve apostles, who were the closest disciples and successors of Jesus Christ.The story of their lives, suffering and incurring God's Word fully set forth in the New Testament (the book "Acts").Those who even superficially studied the Bible, of course, know the names of these holy brothers Peter and Andrew, James, Zebedee and John the Evangelist, Bartholomew, Philip, Matthew (aka Levi Matthew).Thaddeus, James the son of Alphaeus, Simon Kananin, Thomas and Judas Iscariot (then, after he had betrayed the Master, he was replaced by the Apostle Matthias).
In Russia, in this day, people organized a celebration on the occasion of the summer entry into the hot phase.Going to the fields, the peasants dressed in their best clothes, and after a short stint partied and had fun until late at night.And in the middle of the table it was made solemn laying ritual doll made of straw, dressed in sundress and decorated with rhinestones.After a hearty dinner with this doll avoided all the houses in the village, has completed its "journey" is the river, where she was drowned in the end.Today is also a tradition to paint eggs onion skins, and then share them with each other.By the way, the table had dvenadtsatiapostolny necessarily include egg dishes - in the first place, it is a different kind of scrambled eggs (with greens, ham, cheese, etc.), and a boiled egg in the home sauce (something in the likeness of mayonnaise).
Folk omens July 13Those who are born on the day of the Twelve Apostles, the whole life will have good luck;Today's Birthdays
protects mascot flower violet;
July 13 it's time to harvest medicinal plants such as aloe, rosemary, black elderberry, watch a three-sheeted, verbena, knotweed, calendula officinalis, mother and stepmother, and plantain;If
morning flying a lot of mosquitoes and midges - be rain today.
Historical events July 13July 13, 1837 - At Buckingham Palace, moved the first monk in the face of Queen Victoria
In 1837, immediately after the accession to the throne Victoria Buckingham Palace was officially declared residence of British monarchs.At that time the palace ended with the restoration work: the construction of the lodge came to an end, were carried out the transfer of the main entrance, the laying of Marble Arch.Today the palace (of which approximately 17 have to garden), occupying an area of 20 hectares, can "boast" 600 rooms.There is also a grand gallery with works by the most famous painters of antiquity and modernity.Every summer, the queen leaves the residence, and during this period for the visitors opened the ceremonial rooms of the Royal Palace.When Her Majesty returns, then rises royal flag on its roof.
July 13, 1882 - For the first time in four Russian cities, Moscow, St. Petersburg, Riga and Odessa, launched the work of the first in the Russian telephone exchanges
In September 1881 the Russian government established the "Basic conditions the device and operation of urban telephone communications"in the country, and said our date in 1882 the work of the first telephone exchange was launched in several Russian cities.Over time, the "telephone web" spread across Russia.Thus, from 1885 to 1886.They were equipped with the network in cities such as Nizhny Novgorod, Rostov-on-Don, Baku, Revel and Libava.The first line in the single-ended and Russia were performed using Gilelanda capacity of fifty rooms each system, and to connect subscribers per station hired more telephone operators.
July 13, 1930 - Beginning of the first FIFA World Cup in history, which took place in the territory of Uruguay
Uruguay Selection of the Championship was due to the fact that it is the country getting any victory in two Olympic Games: in 1924, heldin Paris, and in 1928 - in Amsterdam.With this in mind, Uruguay received the right to host the first FIFA World Cup - the most popular and spectacular sport.In honor of the large-scale event in Montevideo was built a new stadium.Most of the cost of the device tournament Latin American country has undertaken.In Championship participated thirteen teams from Uruguay, Peru, Belgium, Argentina, the USA, Yugoslavia, Romania, France, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Paraguay and Bolivia.But here July 30 Uruguay team won, ahead of the final match of the national team of Argentina.
born July 13Sergey Kravchinskii nicknamed "Stepnyak" (1851 - 1895 gg.) - A writer, a revolutionary-populist.For some time he was editor of "Land and Freedom".In 1878 Stepnyak Mezentsov deprived life - the gendarmerie chief, after which he fled abroad.
Maria Vinogradova (1922 - 1991). - A favorite movie actress.She starred in more than eighty films.However, despite the fact that not only was in the lead roles, a great liking to Soviet audiences.Vinogradov took part in the movies Ryazanov, Shepitko, Shukshin, Todorovski and many others.etc.
Michael Pugovkin . (1923 - 2008). - Soviet and Russian film actor, since 1988, the People's Artist of the USSR.From an early age Michael started to show (and use in everyday life) acting talent, so his parents sent him to the drama club.It is here that the young Pugovkina said one of the most famous film directors of the time, and invited him to work in the Moscow Drama Theater.After working for two years in the theater, Michael began to act in films, causing a kind smile on the faces of viewers.