12, 08, 2017
JUNE 18: what a holiday today .Events , name and birthday on 18 June.
News / / August 12, 2017
Holidays June 18
Italy was proclaimed RepublicJune 18, 1946 is considered the birthday of the new system of government.This date preceded the national referendum held in Italy on June 2 in which the majority of citizens wish to eliminate the monarchical system of government and voted in favor of the Republic.In the elections for the first time took part and Italian women.According to the results of a referendum, Italy June 18 was officially proclaimed a Republic, and from 1 January 1948.launched a new Constitution.With two thousand years, on June 2 - the date of the referendum - has become the country's official state holiday.
adherents of Zoroastrianism celebrate healers HaurvataHaurvat - patron of healers.They say that this physician who heals not only the physical body but also the soul, ie,It eliminates the negative energy and pollution.Good restores cell structure and integrity of the body clean water.It is believed that day in natural water sources such it has cleansing properties.If Haurvata day to drink water from a spring, we can be cleansed of negativity, splits, contradictions, both on a spiritual level as well as on the physical, to find complete harmony with the environment and each other.Celebrating the holiday with the rising of the first rays of the sun to its complete decline.Begin the celebration with the fact that four lit fire.On this day, everyone can come together on the basis of unselfishness and mutual assistance.To do this, they should drink from the common cup of milk, juice or spring water.
June 18 in the national calendarDorofeev day.On Dorofei is necessary first of three of the shortest nights of the year.called "sparrow" The people are the night.There is a belief that you can look into the future at Dorofei night saw a prophetic dream.Happiness awaits those who would see the young maiden or a young man in a dream.But if the dream of an old woman with a crutch, not wait for trouble.On that day blossomed sleep-grass.The peasants believed that evil spirits passes its tenth expensive, so sleep-grass was made to carry and have in the house.If the cottage is only built, the grass immured under the corners of the structure, so that life in the new house was quiet and prosperity.Godilos not any plant.To sleep-grass had miraculous properties, it certainly was collected from the plots, and after waiting for the full moon, placed in spring water - "correct" grass is necessarily moved.At Dorothea tried to weed the beds in the morning from weeds.It was believed that on that place it will no longer grow.
Historical events June 18June 18, 1918 in Sevastopol was intentionally flooded the Black Sea Fleet
Brest Treaty, signed in 1918 by the Bolsheviks., Required all ships of the Black Sea Fleet, located in Sebastopol, pass under the control of Germany.To save the fleet, the Soviet government decided to relocate ships from Sevastopol to Novorossiisk.Germany, such a maneuver is not much, and it is in the form of an ultimatum demanded to return the ships.Otherwise, it threatened to break the Brest-Litovsk Treaty and re-launch military operations against Russia.Before the Bolsheviks faced a dilemma: either to engage in a war, or to transfer the Black Sea Fleet in Germany.The first item disappears at once, becausemilitary power to confront the German troops, Russia did not have, but did not want to give the fleet.Therefore, Lenin ordered his flooding.The crews of several battleships decided on their own to go to Sevastopol and to surrender to the Germans.Most ships have remained in Tsemess bay where on 18 June and were flooded.Total 14 suffered flooding of the Black Sea Fleet.
June 18, 1932 ceased to exist such a state, as the Socialist Republic of Chile
socialist republic lasted a short time, only 13 days.June 6 as a result of the revolution, the Communists came to power in Chile.Socialist Republic declared, relevant decrees were prepared.It was planned in addition to private, enter and collective ownership, nationalized strategic enterprises, distribute unused land to the peasants, etc.But this state of affairs did not suit Britain and the United States, which controlled the economy of Chile.Therefore, they have allocated funds to overthrow the new government.June 18 the opposition forces failed to organize a revolt and seize power.The Socialist government has been arrested and his supporters were persecuted and terrorized.
June 18, 1937. in thro flight from Moscow to the United States via the North Pole went ANT-25
It was the first in the world aviation flight over the North Pole.The crew consisted of three people: the first pilot Chkalov, co-pilot and radio operator Baydukova-navigator Belyakov.Departure took place on 18 June.After 63.5 hours of flight, June 20, the plane landed at the airport, located near Vancouver.Flight turned difficult.It covered about 10 thous. Km, most of the way gone blind becausethe route was unknown, and under the wings of the aircraft stretched the endless ice.Flying over Canada, the car came to a cyclone and had to get round it.Stocks of oxygen coming to an end, the pilots were exhausted, and literally took turns at the helm every hour.On arrival we greeted them as heroes in America and at home, in the Soviet Union.Names of Soviet pilots for a long time been on the front pages of the world's publications.
born June 18James Paul McCartney (b. 1942.), British musician
Paul McCartney lost his mother early.His upbringing was engaged father musician, who gave his son a love of music.In the evening, the father with children at home often hosted impromptu concerts.It was from his father Paul was presented with the first guitar in his life.Soon McCartney met John Lennon.They were pretty quick to make friends Music, as well as the fact that both early lost mother.That these two musicians was destined to become the founders of the band «The Beatles», which has become a global legend.After the band's breakup, McCartney founded his team, and after a while started his solo career.For services to the British and the contribution to the development of the musical movement in 1997.he was granted a knighthood.From now on it is referred to as Sir Paul McCartney.
Maxim Galkin (.. Born 1976), parodist, entertainer
Maxim early years was artistic child: his first public performance took place at the matinee in kindergarten, where he appeared before the audience in the form of a chicken.Later he participated in school plays, trying on various acting roles, practiced skits, very believable portraying not only classmates, but also teachers and directors.After school he entered the University of Humanities, at the same time visiting student theater of Moscow State University.He came up and showed parodies of well-known politicians of the time - Khasbulatov, Gorbachev, Yeltsin.Number liked, and Galkina included in the concert program of the student theater.With this comic numbers and began an artistic career of a future star.Now Maxim extremely high demand actor: he was invited to conduct various programs, shows, festivals, he performs solo concerts, in films.