Khachapuri - the best recipes .How to cook a tasty and khachapuri .
Recipes / / December 13, 2017
Khachapuri - general principles and methods of preparation
Khachapuri - Georgian national dish, is a patty or flat cake made of dough with cheese filling inside. The dough can be any - fresh, yeast, puff. The real dough for khachapuri should be kneaded on the matzoni. But in Russia it is not always available for purchase, so sour milk( curdled milk), kefir, sour cream is quite suitable. Although the amount of flour is indicated in the recipe, it may turn out that it will need more or less. It is necessary to look at the consistency of the dough - it should be soft, it is not necessary to clog it heavily with flour.
In different regions of Georgia there are special features of cooking flat cakes. They are made closed on all sides, open, in the form of a boat or in the form of envelopes made of puff pastry. For filling use soft or brine cheeses - imeretinsky, brynza, suluguni. Sometimes they are mixed with cottage cheese. Very often in the filling add chopped herbs - parsley, coriander, dill. At home,khachapuri is baked both in the oven and on a stove in a dry frying pan.
Khachapuri - preparation of products
For khachapuri, knead the dough according to the recipe and allow it to rest, rest. During this time, the gluten swells, the dough becomes more pliable, elastic, does not stick to the hands. While the dough is resting, this time can be used to warm up the oven, if the cakes will bake there, and to create the filling. If the cheese is very salty, for example, cheese, it must first be soaked for two to five hours, depending on the degree of salinity. To cheese quickly freed from salt, a large piece must be cut into smaller slices, about two centimeters thick. Then it is ground and mixed with greens.
Khachapuri - the best recipes
Recipe 1: Imeretinsky khachapuri
It's not enough to hear that khachapuri is very tasty. They certainly need to try. Do not wait for an invitation to visit, it is better to cook on your own and treat everyone. For filling use brine or hard sorts of cheese, they can be interfered with with brynza or cottage cheese. In the recipe, the greens are not indicated, but if you wish, you can enter any greens to the filling to taste. The dough can be made completely on kefir or in half with sour cream, then it will turn out more gently.
Ingredients : hard cheese - 400g, egg. Dough: a glass of kefir, flour - 3 cups, egg, a teaspoon of sugar and salt, 2 tablespoons.grows.oil, 0,5 ч.л.soda, 50 g butter for lubrication.
Method of preparation
In kefir stir soda, vegetable oil, salt and sugar, drive in the egg. In the resulting mixture add two glasses of flour. Knead mass, pouring the remaining flour. The main thing is not to overdo it with the amount of flour, so that khachapuri does not turn out solid. The dough is well kneaded, It should turn out to be soft, slightly sticky, but keeping the shape well. Leave it alone for about half an hour, covered with a napkin.
Cheese grate large, add egg and mix. If there is greens, you can chop it and add it to cheese.
Dough to form a long sausage, cut into 8-10 pieces. Each roll in a flat cake and lay out the filling. The edges are gathered upstairs in the center and well defended. Punch the pouch, crush it with your hands and roll it lightly with a rolling pin. Then turn over again and roll it out again. The main thing is not to put pressure on the dough to burst. Ready cakes put on a dry frying pan and bake. They are baked on the stove, on a moderate, closer to a weak fire. When one side is browned, turn over to the other. To be sure that khachapuri have been baked, especially if they are thick, they should be covered with a lid. Lubricate the finished tortillas with oil.
Recipe 2: Adzharian khachapuri
The peculiarity of this kind of patty is the open top. For the filling use a soft, not very salty cheese. Better Imeretian, but you can Adyghe or another mild pickle. The dough is best kneaded on the matzoni, but if it is not, you can take sour cream or kefir. If you want, when khachapuri is baked, in its middle you can release a raw egg( chicken or a couple of quail) and put for a minute in the oven, so that the squirrel folds. The yolk must remain liquid. In it they dunk a broken piece of khachapuri and eat it.
Ingredients : 400g soft cheese, egg and greens. Dough: a glass of sour cream, flour - 3 cups, butter - 50 g, salt - 1 tsp., Soda - 0,5 hl.
How to prepare
Pour butter into flour, pour in soda and salt, pour in sour cream and knead the resulting mass for at least 15 minutes, it should become quite plastic. Then leave the dough to rest in the refrigerator for half an hour.
Chop the cheese for the filling - with hands, on a grater or crush. Drive in the egg and add the shredded greens. Try the taste, if necessary - saline.
Cut the dough in half, each halve two times in half. As a result, you should get 8 pieces. Roll them into small balls. Each roll rolled into a flat cake, on top put cheese with greens, smooth the filling to the very edges. Now it remains to collect a flat cake with a filling in the boat. To do this, raise one edge and start folding it into a roll. To reach it is necessary only to the middle. Then, on the opposite side, raise the edge and roll it to the middle. Protect the ends so that the filling does not fall out. This way you get a boat with an open top. It remains to bake all the boats in the oven. It will take about 20 minutes at 180-200C.Strongly fry it is not necessary, only slightly brown. You can put butter in a hot boat.
Recipe 3: Megrelian khachapuri
The feature of khachapuri in Megrelian is that the filling is laid out not only inward, but also on top of a cake like pizza, having pre-smeared the surface with an egg. The ingredients are indicated by one large cake baked on a yeast dough. Instead of cheese suluguni( in Georgia it is called for the most part sulguni) you can take not too salty brinzu.
Ingredients : suluguni cheese - 350g, yolk - 1 pc. Dough: 200ml of water, flour 300g, sugar - spoon table, salt - tea spoon, dry yeast - ½ tea., 50g of margarine.
Method of preparation
The dough is initially mixed. In the water, add salt and sugar, stir, pour in the yeast and flour, kneading the non-dough batter. At the end, add the softened margarine, knead to homogeneity and leave to proof for an hour and a half. Cover the dishes with a clean cloth or towel.
Cheese grate large. Approached dough batter, roll in a flat cake, put on her stuffing, collect the edges and protect in the center. Khachapuri roll out a rolling pin from both sides, then make a hole in the middle, 5-7 cm in diameter. Transfer to a greased or oiled baking sheet. The surface of the flat cake should be greased with yolk, so when baking a beautiful crust is formed. Sprinkle with the remaining cheese and put the baking sheet for 20 minutes in the oven. It should already be heated( 220C).
Recipe 4: Khachapuri at home
Homemade khachapuri can be prepared on the basis of a cottage cheese dough. It is convenient because it does not stale for a long time. If cakes are served on the second day, they should be warmed up, becausethey are the most delicious in hot form. For a filling, you can take any cheese that is found in the house. Even fused curds will do.
Ingredients : 300-400g any cheese or 4 processed cheese, sour cream - 4 tbsp.spoons, herbs, 3 cloves of garlic. Dough: a packet of margarine( 200 g), a pinch of salt, a bundle of cottage cheese( 200 g), 2 eggs, vinegar - incomplete tablespoon, soda without a slide, a teaspoon, how many flour to take, yolk for greasing, a little sesame seeds for powdering.
Method of preparation
Melt margarine until liquid, salt, hammer eggs, mix cottage cheese. Soda should be extinguished with vinegar( lemon juice), add to the dough. Flour pour so much to knead a steep dough. At that time, while the filling is being prepared, put the dough in the cold.
Cheese grate large, add sour cream, chopped greens and chopped garlic. If the cheese is not very salty, the filling can be slightly salted.
The dough is divided into two approximately equal parts. One roll out on a baking sheet, lay out the entire stuffing. Cover with a second rolled out cake, wrapped in a circle. Lubricate the top with a yolk and sprinkle with sesame seeds. Put the baking tray in the oven and bake for about 50 minutes( 180C).Serve, cut into triangles.
Khachapuri - useful advice of experienced cooks
- If you can not buy ready-made matzoni, you can prepare it yourself. Warm up lightly 3 liters of milk, add a spoon-two sour cream or kefir, close the lid, wrap with a towel. Give him two hours to stand, and then move to the refrigerator until the mass thickens.