Growing carrots - simple !Methods of sowing carrots , follow-up care , the main diseases and pests of root crops
A House And A Garden / / April 16, 2016
Carrots - a traditional root for our gardens, like this vegetable to learn something new is impossible, but with experienced owners have their own cultivation methods, many times tested in practice.
After all, if in this case there is no difficulty, for what reason one carrot grows flat and large, and the other, in spite of many efforts, it grows small, ugly and curve.
Growing carrots.Selection of planting material, seeds
Many varieties make it easy to choose a suitable option for spring harvest, so podzimnego for sowing.
varieties with more yield:
• Autumn Queen;
• sautéed Savoy;
Flaccus - late-ripening varieties, the crop can be harvested at the age of plants of 100-120 days.root Size up to 30 cm, weight about 150-170 g
Queen Autumn - late-ripening varieties, perfect for storage in the winter, the harvest can be removed at the age of 125-135 days.root Size up to 20 cm, weight about 160 g
Vitamin - middle-grade, contains a lot of carotene, the crop harvested at the age of 110-120 days.root Size up to 15 cm, weight about 150 grams
Nantes - middle-grade, fully mature for 85-90 days.Root length of 16 cm, the weight reaches up to 165 g
sautéed Savoy - ripening varieties, used for cooking after 60 days after germination.Root crop size of 20 cm, weighing up to 150 g
Alenka - early variety, ready to use in 50 days.Mass of root vegetables to 145 g, the weight of 12-15 cm
carrots Growing:. Crop (.. Deadlines, feeding, shelter, temperature, soil, etc.)
Carrots must be sown in the bright spot, growing up in the shadow of the roots grow smalland worse taste.For this reason it is necessary to select site, all day sunlit for this culture.
sow carrots in strips
is necessary to take into account the rules of crop rotation - the sequence of placing crops for several seasons at one site.
Carrot is not necessary to sow in the garden, where before it grew:
This root crop grows well after:
When to sow carrots
Sowing at the right time for this culture is very important, it directly affects the yield.Ripening time root vegetables of different varieties vary in a large range.Additionally, you need to take into account the required time obtaining vegetable production.
From selected varieties and planting dates vary, for example, in mid-April, early-maturing varieties sown, almost to the end of May, middle-seeded plants, and planting of carrots for the winter consumption is possible until mid-June.
carrot growing in the "two-stream products", made sowing of early varieties, early in the spring or before the onset of frosts.Of course, autumn sowing is not available in all regions, the seeds may die in winters.For this reason, it is desirable in the northern parts of carrot crop produce early spring, immediately after heating soil.
Preparation of seeds before sowing, makes it possible to immediately remove the substandard seeds and accelerate the emergence of seedlings.This operation does not require much effort.First you need to pour the seeds lightly heated water after 10:00 will take high-quality seeds will sink to the bottom.Seeds for rapid seedling emergence scatter on a wet stretch fabric and so kept for several days at a temperature of 20-24 degrees.Thus, the seeds of 3-4 days to release the roots.
Before planting root crops, prepared and well-watered grooves depth of 1.5-2 cm. Between the rows of taking distance of 15 cm, placed in the groove of the seeds with an interval of 2 cm.
early spring sown seeds prepared in advance in the narrowgroove, located 10 cm. They are watered with warm water, powdered ash or chalk and carefully poured the soil.
Attention! Densely sow carrots does not make sense, then the crops will have to break through leaving only healthy specimens and strong.
Planting using paper tape, allow to sow the seeds in neat rows.In winter, tape, paper glue paste of starch seeds.In the spring need only be expanded in the furrow tape and sprinkle it with soil.Joint planting of carrots and onions using a lot of farmers.Thus, one can obtain both a qualitative and healthy onion roots.This culture of long sprouts - first inputs sometimes can be seen only after a month.
With the onset of heat begin to actively grow weeds, for this reason, many gardeners sow radishes, lettuce or spinach with seeds of carrots, so you can weed the space between the rows after the rise "lighthouse" culture.
The climate of our country is unpredictable - the unexpected, sudden cold snap, the thaw.For this reason it is difficult to decide exactly when to sow carrots in late autumn.It is necessary to guess a moment to carrots do not sprouted up to steady frosts, otherwise germs die.It is advisable to plant the crop on the frozen soil, increasing the number of seeds by 20%.
When podzimny sowing do not need to pre-cook the seeds - soaked and germinate, sprout dry not too early.
carrots Growing: care, fertilizing
To get a visually appealing and tasty carrots, you must take good care of the soil.It should be loose, the crust on the surface of the beds and soil compaction causes curvature of carrot root is large, but the curves and split into several parts.Growing next to the weeds negatively affect the growth of carrots, they must be destroyed immediately.First time weed beds may have to before the advent of germs.
densely sown carrots grow small, thin out the crops needed immediately after the formation of these leaves.Plants should be at a distance of 3 cm. If the crop was produced in a specific pattern, then it is not necessary to break through.
carrots Growing: watering and fertilizing
quality carrot grows only under stable irrigation.Lack of moisture - the main thing that leads to lethargy and carrots bitter.It is important to water the plants in the required amount at any stage of their development.Soaking the ground should be such that it gets wet by 30 cm.
Carrots over the summer should be fed twice, 3-4 weeks after seedling emergence, and again two months later. Make better fertilizer solution, 10 liters of water is one of these fertilizers:
1. 15 g of superphosphate and urea in solution further contribute 20 g of potassium nitrate;
2. Gender-liter jar of wood ash;
3. 25 g nitrophosphate.
Collection carrot crop
For the gardener to clean the roots have grown - the most troublesome, but, without doubt, a very nice job.Basically, this operation is carried out in the autumn, before the first frost.For example, late-cabbage is best kept if it is slightly weak to grab the first frost (1-3 degrees).A carrot is necessary to start to clean up long before that time, most often in the middle of September - just after the potato harvest.
Some gardeners to obtain early production used podzimny seeding carrots or sown in spring time early varieties that in the second decade of the summer to get a sweet young roots.They certainly did not suitable for storage in the winter.If early carrots are not removed in time, it is often begins to crack in the garden , loses its taste.
middle-carrot should grow by about 80-110 days, that it is time to clean up, said the death of the lower leaves, extra time to keep in the garden varieties are not worth it, the taste of root crops will be worse and the pulp becomes loose.Some gardeners mistakenly think that for the full ripeness must wither and turn yellow all the tops of carrots, it is not talking about the fact that the plants are ready for harvesting, but rather that they are sick.
late-carrots (vegetation period of 110 days), removed the fall in mid-September, but only on a dry day, rain is not expected.If you hold it up to the first frost, the harvest botrytis be ill and so the storage can lose all the roots.But hurry with the collection of late carrots can not be temperature changes during storage of bookmarks to adversely affect the results.Last month before harvesting carrots start to water it is not necessary at all, to the roots have not begun to crack or trigger their growth.
The cellar is placed on the surface of the floor board, on top of which it is desirable to put wormwood , as a "scarecrow" for rodents.Or you can lay the crop in boxes, pre-dried in the sun.Many root vegetables are stored, interspersing layers of sand.
carrots Growing: basic pests and how to deal with them
main enemy of the carrot - carrot fly , it can be detected by a twisted leaves.Against this pest protected, properly caring for carrots.
fly reproduces at a very wet, overgrown weeds and thickened crops.Kill the pest you can use such compositions as: aktellik, Intavir etc.During growth and after harvest, the crops affected by various rots.
Some of them are the cause of reducing the taste qualities of the carrots (root starts to taste bitter), others completely destroyed the harvest itself.
This disease is caused by a fungus, plants get sick at the end of the growing season.On petioles and leaves appear brown spots.After that, as the disease progresses, it strikes root.The most active dissemination of the fungus occurs during storage of root crops.
They begin to rot from the top, then on the surface gradually becomes a shallow recess with brown spores of fungus black.If the temperature during the storage of at least 10 degrees, dry rot spreads slowly.With increasing temperature the fungus develops faster, causing the death of all the carrot harvest.The spores of the disease remain alive on the surface for a long time storage.
methods of struggle: collect crop residues, soil dressing of potassium-phosphorus fertilizer before planting.
disease is manifested by the development of fungus can infect virtually all cultures.When storing carrots on it formed wet rot and soft spots, at this time is difficult to see the defeat, roots almost do not change their color.Over time, the soft areas covered by light touch, then formed a crust with black dots.The disease infects the soil, its pathogen penetrates into the soil with fresh manure.
methods of struggle: sprayings compositions containing copper, fertilizing crops potash processing sulfur storage.
disease, in the form of wet rot on the surface of the root, it ceases to soft, and a soak time and becomes dark.After that, these sections is formed much plaque gray.This disease causes large yield losses.
methods of struggle: maintaining the temperature in the storage of about 2 degrees, treatment with 1% Bordeaux mixture, fertilizing crops with fertilizers containing nitrogen.
larvae of carrot fly
This pest appears from the pupae in mid-spring.Symptom occurrence of the pest - bronze shade noticeable on the leaf surface.After a short time the plant wilts and dies.If the seedlings were thinned late, pest lays eggs in the soil.Over time, they are born larvae, which feed on the tissues of the root crop.This carrot is not suitable for use, it becomes bitter.
methods of struggle: plowing, weeding of crops, handling such chemical compounds.
Insect small size, it has, there saltatorial legs are the same as that of a flea.The female lays the pest on the vegetative mass of eggs, which hatch into larvae, they suck the sap from plants.As a result, leaves after a short time to dry.
methods of struggle: spraying with a solution of soap or use of an infusion of tobacco.