Growing Roses : planting methods , care rose.Properties in cultivation of roses home , in greenhouses, in the area
A House And A Garden / / April 15, 2016
As the queen of flowers rose presents 'royal' requirements for growing conditions.
However, at the florist, you can choose from a large variety of the best plants for your region, varieties and species.
demanding Roses to the site.Planning for these colors should be well lighted and warmed by the sun.In the shadow of their growth slows down, the shoots are stretched, poor flowering.
Lowlands is also not suitable: air stagnation and high humidity contribute to the defeat of the fungal diseases of roses.Such areas must be drained, the beds they make sublime.
better to plant roses in the territory with a slope (8-10 degrees) to the south, south-west or south-easterly direction.This rose can not tolerate drafts and strong winds can damage the high bushes, enhance evaporation.
Roses do not like stagnant moisture in the soil, so they are suitable cultivation light loam and black soils.Clay heavy soils enriched with sand, rotted manure, peat compost.In sandy loam at the roses in the winter can vymerznut root system, and in the summer overheat.
to improve these soils they make humus, peat, turf ground.Roses prefer to grow in slightly acidic soil (pH 5.5-6.5).
Growing roses from cuttings Cuttings
considered among gardeners the most simple and popular method of reproduction of these colors.Its effectiveness depends on the variety and type of rose.Compared with the grafted plants rooted better adapted to the growing conditions and soil composition, live longer, do not give wild shoots.
easiest root roses:
• polyanthus and their hybrids;
• Hybrid Tea.
used for grafting and semilignified lignified shoots.
Harvest woody cuttings during autumn or spring pruning, can also be used for this broken shoots.Store them at a temperature of about 0 ° C.Before planting the cuttings are necessary to root, for example, method "Burrito» (he gives a small percentage of the lunge, do not require a lot of time):
1. Healthy clean shoots are cut into pieces 15-20 cm
2. Upper straight cut.doing in the middle between the two kidneys, the lower oblique - just below the bottom of the kidney.
3. The prepared bundle of cuttings wrapped in newspaper, moistened with water, placed in a bag and stored at 18 ° C.
4. After 2 weeks, unfold and check for the presence of callus.If not, then clean again.
5. After 3-4 weeks, there are roots.
6. Cuttings are planted in the ground, buried until the first buds.On top put a plastic bottle or mini-teplichku.
to stimulate rooting of cuttings can soak in a solution of IAA or kornevina.
Instead of growth stimulants can use an infusion of willow.To cut pieces of yellow or green shoots willow and put into a glass to fill half the height of the hot water.A day infusion is ready for use.So you can water the infusion of young planting roses.
semilignified cuttings root better.Harvest them in the period of bud formation and early flowering.For this purpose take an average of the selected flight.Its length is cut into pieces of 7-10 cm by 2-3 buds.The upper section is doing right, lower - 45 ° angle just below the bud.To reduce the evaporation of moisture the lower leaves is terminated, the remaining cut in half.
day before planting the cuttings should be soaked in rooting stimulator (BiocloneBAC, BioRoots et al.).The substrate must consist of turf, leaf soil, humus and sand (4: 1: 1: 2).The holes in the garden poured prepared pochvosmes, plant cuttings at an angle and covered with river sand.
seedlings watered with a solution of potassium permanganate , cover each cutting a plastic bottle or make a bed for the rest of the mini-greenhouse.Rooted cuttings are left for the winter nestled layer of insulated material.Transplanted to a permanent place next spring.
Roses from seed - growing
Seed rose is grown mainly for the production of new varieties.Not all types of roses can grow in this way: the plants obtained from seeds, can not retain the varietal characteristics.Easily propagated by seeds krasnolistnyh, wrinkled, echinated, cinnamon roses, an ordinary rose.
Planting material can be purchased or collected with the pleasant bush.With self-assembly it is necessary to take the fruit unripe, becausethe seeds of which have better germination.Seed fruit is cut in half, and disinfected seeds pull them in the pharmacy 20 minutes a solution of hydrogen peroxide.
Growing roses from seed at home in nature
roses seeds undergo natural stratification, therefore, to obtain seedlings at home you need to create the same conditions:
1. In bowl put a water-retaining material (eg, gauze), spread on his seeds in onelayer close wet cotton pad is removed and the package.
2. The whole structure is put on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator (temperature + 5-7 ° C) and left there for about two months.
3. Periodically the film opened for ventilation and inspection of seeds.
4. Once the seeds hatch, they are planted in peat pots and grown at + 18-20 ° C.
sprouts need 10 daylight hours (have dosvechivat if necessary).
Before spring planting in open ground the seedlings quenched by gradually increasing exposure to fresh air.These plants bloom in full force will be next year.
Growing roses from seed in the garden
If there is a sufficient number of seeds and research and passion, you can plant them in the garden in August.In northern regions crop mulch dry leaves or straw, close the cover material (eg, lutrasilom) and top throws snow.In April cover shoot.If frost is forecast, then over the beds set a small greenhouse.
Roses grown from seeds in an open ground, are well adapted to the environmental conditions,
in caring for roses is performed the same actions as for other colors: watering, hoeing, and mulching the soil, fertilizing, weeding, pest, winter shelter.In addition, some types of roses need trimming.
Trimming and shaping bushes
Pruning roses need for regular rejuvenation, stimulating the formation of the bush and flowering.
This operation is carried out under the following rules:
• pruning is carried out annually in dry weather;
• Used instruments must be well sharpened and disinfected;
• The sections were treated garden pitch;
• stalks cut to healthy tissue.
Dates of pruning roses
Spring pruning - basic.It is held annually during bud swelling.All damaged by frost, sick, weak branches are removed to healthy wood.
In summer pruning shorten fat shoots without flower buds, cut out the center of a bush thickening stalks, faded flowers.It will stimulate the plant to a new flowering.We grafted roses are cut wild root growth.
Autumn pruning connected with the necessity of the winter shelter bush.
abundantly watered roses once a week, at the root.In the hot summer watering time increase and conduct morning and evening.On a bush about a bucket of water is consumed.Since the second half of August, reduce watering and stop completely in September.
loosening the soil and mulching
loose soil under the rose bushes should be after the rains and irrigation for the destruction of soil crust and improve aeration.Depth loosening must be small (5-10 cm), otherwise you can damage the upper roots, which will adversely affect the development of plants.
spring before bud opening to conduct the first mulching roses.To do this, use humus, straw, husks of sunflower seeds.Pre weed weeds, watered and loosen the ground, making fertilizer.Before autumn frosts mulch again.
Preparing roses for winter shelter and
Depending on the variety and species belonging roses need in the winter shelter.Park rose the most winter-hardy.For the winter they need only to hill to a height of 20cm.Other types of roses shortened to 20-25 cm from the ground level, Bordeaux mixture treated against fungal diseases.As a shelter used dry peat, cut spruce branches, top coated cellophane or lutrasilom.Climbing roses should be packed and pinned to the ground.
Fertilizers and feeding for roses
Rose - very demanding to nutrition plant.In the spring after pruning to build new leaves and shoots of roses need for nitrogen fertilizers.Ammonium nitrate is introduced in an amount of 20g / m2 after removing the cover and dug up the soil to a depth of 10 cm.
for aging shoots, abundant flowering rose bushes fed superphosphate (30 g / m2), and potassium sulfate (10g / m2).Bring it from June to September.
throughout the growing season roses are also needed micronutrients.For this purpose, use complex mineral fertilizer (Gloria Ideal FlorHumate, Agricola).
Adding fresh manure or poultry manure has a negative impact on roses, especially on young plants.In the spring of humus mulch the ground under bushes.In the summer of organics used better in liquid form (aqueous solution of mullein 1:10).After fertilizing the soil around the bushes should be dusted with ash and proryhlit.
If necessary, between the main dressings make foliar.To protect against possible pests powder leaves roses wood ashes.When transplanting, pruning and any other stress to the plant it is useful to spray an antidepressant (eg Appin).At the end of August, all feeding is stopped.
Growing roses inhome
Agrotechnics potted roses a little different from the cultivation of garden forms.At home, plant dwarf varieties of Hybrid Tea and remontant roses.Purchased plants should be transplanted at once - it has to go through 2-3 weeks of acclimatization.
for irrigation use to defend the water is room temperature.The new pot roses planted by transshipment.The soil is prepared independently from the turf soil, sand and compost or use store bought.The first feeding can be done in a month after transplanting flower.Fertilizer is made every 2 weeks until September.
Pets roses, as well as the garden, need bright light , but they need to pritenyat from direct sunlight to avoid burns.In summer you can make a rose on the balcony.To bush did not grow one-sided, the pot should be every day a little turn.
cut faded flowers before the first buds.When the bush has finished flowering, it is necessary to prepare for the winter period of rest: watering and fertilizing cut, cut shoots up to 5 of the kidneys, the air temperature drops to + 15-17 ° C.Because circumcision branches can be cut into cuttings and root them.
rooting rose cuttings in water is best in glass jars or plastic bottles circumcision.You can add water rooting stimulator (or Kornevin Geteroauksin).Within a month, topped up to defend the water (when it evaporates) at room temperature.When you see the callus reaches 4 mm, the cuttings can be planted in individual pots.
roses growing in a greenhouse
growing hothouse roses requires thorough preparation and depends on the following factors:
• preparation of the greenhouse and the most necessary equipment (watering systems, lighting, temperature and humidity control);preparation of seedlings;
• choice of species and varieties (well suited for miniature greenhouse conditions, Hybrid Tea, Floribunda, Grandiflora);
• proper care.
grown in the greenhouse can be both grafted and non-grafted roses.Rose bushes planted in separate pots or or directly into the ground.
potted planting - the most simple method of growing roses in a home greenhouse.It is good for its mobility, the pots can be easily transferred to storage in the basement, to adjust the distance between the bushes.
When any method before planting seedlings soaked in water for a day, after a cut to 2/3, and endure to the greenhouse. Embarkation begins in October .As the substrate used with the addition of grassy soil humus moor peat and sand in the ratio 3: 2: 1: 1.soil acidity should be pH 5.5-6.5.First 7-10 days in a greenhouse temperature is maintained at about +6 ° C.Since kidney swelling every three days, it increased by 1 degree.
The roses ground planted when the soil warms up to +12 ° C.Seedling in the ground to bury the bottom of the first buds.The distance between rows 30-40 cm observe and between plants in a row 20-30 cm. The number of hives vary from 10 to 25 pieces per square meter.After planting, watering is carried out from a hose.When the first buds are formed, the air must be heated up to +20 ° C Rising.To quickly flowers were not disclosed, it is necessary to again lower the temperature to +15 ° C.
When caring for hothouse roses, besides the standard actions, you need to adjust the degree of illumination: in the autumn and winter roses need more lights, and in the summer - shading when excessive sun exposure;maintain optimum temperature and humidity in the greenhouse.
vase life of flowers is better to do in the morning until the buds are not completely open.
Main pests and diseases.Methods of dealing with them
Rosana aphids - insect grass-green.Parasitizing on young shoots, leaves, buds, aphid colonies are escalating.As a result, the damaged plant parts are bent.The appearance of aphids signaled by the appearance of ants, attracted by sugary excretions of aphids - honeydew.In order to combat aphids used insecticides.
Rosa leafhopper - a small insect is pale yellow.Females lay eggs on the shoots of roses.Left out of them spring the larvae feed on plant sap.Damaged leaves become marble color, turn yellow and fall off.To combat the larvae more effectively during their mass appearance of insecticide
Spider mite - one of the most dangerous of sucking pests of roses.In greenhouses multiplies all year round.Damage cause adults and larvae.At the site of the bite can be seen on the leaves of bright spots.With strong damage leaves turn yellow and fall off.To combat the mite must be constantly, because the new generation of pests become resistant to previous acaricide.
Rosa moth - small butterflies, active at dusk or at night.Eggs overwinter on the bark of trunks and branches of fruit trees.Caterpillars damage blossoming buds and leaves, entangle their webs and folding into a tube.In rare cases, the infected part of the roses was terminated by hand and burn.With mass lesion roses sprayed with poisons that contain pyrethrin.
Rosa sawfly - pest, the females lay eggs in which the young shoots, causing them to burst the skin, they are distorted and stunted.Hatched larvae gnaw leaf blades with edges, leaving the veins.Damaged shoots should be cut and burned, the soil under the bushes in the autumn dig to kill overwintering insects.
Powdery mildew appears on leaves, stems, buds as whitish spots (as if sprinkled with flour).The leaves curl and fall off.Plants cease to grow and bloom.In severe cases the bushes are weakened and die.The disease progresses in hot weather with high humidity.Infected shoots are destroyed, the plants are sprayed with 1% solution of colloidal sulfur, copper sulfate at intervals of 7-10 days.To grow select varieties of roses that are resistant to powdery mildew.To prevent the fall of the ground under shrubs dusted with ash.
Rust appears orange spots on the leaves and shoots.Diseased plants are lagging behind in development.Be sure to cut out the fall and destroy the damaged parts of the plant.Infected rose 3-fold sprayed with copper oxychloride or infusion of garlic.Before the winter shelter bush sprayed with iron sulphate or Bordeaux mixture.For cultivation used to rust-resistant types of roses: polyanthus, climbing, hybrid tea.
blackspot (marsonina) caused by a fungus Marssonina rosae.Manifested black spots on infected leaves.