Growing clematis : exquisite beauty in the area .Secrets of planting and caring for the successful cultivation of clematis
A House And A Garden / / April 15, 2016
Clematis, or as they are called Lomonosov , always attract eyes .
This plant allows for a variety of landscaping solutions on the site.
Although for this vine and its fame as a demanding and painful plants actually growing clematis grower does not require a huge effort.
To do this, just need to find a suitable cultivar to plant bushes and taking into account peculiarities of farming.
Clematis: growing.Selection of planting material
When buying seedlings pay attention to the following features:
• the roots of the plants should be healthy looking, elastic, smooth (if they have swelling, they struck root-knot nematodes;
• the seedlings should be noat least three shoots with buds;
• acquire clematis should be no earlier than mid-September;.
• the best age for seedlings - 2 years Container plants are transplanted in the spring and autumn Annual, dug straight from the ground, can be taken directly from private growers..
When choosing clematis should take into account the climatic conditions in their region and varietal characteristics of the plant. The most easy to care grades with purple flowers. a more whimsical vines with flowers of red shades. The most demanding are the white clematis. Some species must be winter shelter and trimming.
to central Russia suit those varieties that do not need shelter and bloom in the current year shoots.For novice gardeners are suitable for growing clematis, flowering on shoots of the previous year (the so-called knyazhiki): they should not be cut, and shelter for the winter.Although flowers have smaller and more modest than the large-, but they bloom early and abundantly, even in partial shade.Among them are popular grade Blue Bird, Maidwell Hall, Memm, Rosie O'Grady, Pink, Flamingo.
include clematis, forming flowers on new shoots, are easy to grow vines groups Zhakmana, Vititsela, Integrifolia (grades Avangard, Purpurea Plena Elegans, Lemon Dream, Markham's Pink, Stolwijk Gold, Comtesse de Bouchaud, Purple Dream, Stasik, Hagley Hybrid,Rouge Cardinal).
experienced gardeners can undertake the cultivation of clematis group Florida, Patens, Laginuza, which includes the most beautiful varieties.They bloom twice a season: in May and June on old wood, in July and August on new stems.The second flowering will be weaker than the first.The most famous varieties: President, Multi Blu, Fair Rosamond, Hope, Joan Picton, Ballerina, Joan of Arc, Helly Moser.
Clematis: growing.Sowing and planting
Choosing landing site .To grow clematis best suited sunny plot, protected from the winds, with fertile loose soil.If you want to plant these vines near the house wall, the distance from it to the bush should be at least 70 cm. Clematis can not stand the heat of the roots, so you need to plant shrubs to small plants for shading the root zone.Better if it will be a nematode repellent calendula, parsley, marigolds.
Clematis needs sufficient sunlight.Therefore, a series of bushes is better positioned from east to west, between them leave at least 0.7 m. On the anvil shoots a way to comply with the maximum leaf coverage.
for clematis varieties with solid or double flowers (Lady Betti Belfor, Niobe, Westerplatte, Rouze Cardinal, Rosemur) preferably open.Bicolour varieties (Dr. Ruppel, Hania, Hally Moser, Hope, Minister) need light partial shade, which give color saturation.
Soil .Clematis grow well in fertilized and drained soil with a slightly alkaline reaction.Earth under the bushes after watering is required to loosen.Mulching keeps soil moisture longer.As the use of mulch humus.
planting time depends on the region of growing clematis.In the middle zone of Russia clematis plant, since the end of April.In the southern regions where they are planted in September - early October.If autumn planting fell, then bought a seedling kept in a cool room with a temperature of 5 degrees C, the roots moist sawdust sprinkled with sand.
Grow Clematis vegetatively (cuttings, dividing the bush cuttings, grafting) and seeds.
During the multiplication of layering shoots bends to the ground, placed in a small dug (up to 10 cm deep) trench prishpilivayut their metal hooks, or simply press down with stones and covered with soil.In winter, they cover the spruce branches, sawdust.In the spring these shoots in the field should be watered prishpilivaniya.As soon as the new shoots, the surface around them mulch with peat or humus.In the autumn rooted young plants are separated from each other and are transplanted to a permanent place.You can do this operation directly in pots dug into the soil below the surface.
bush can be propagated by dividing the plants are not older than 6 years, until the root system is amenable to this operation.Besides delenki old shrubs take root worse.Bush dig the roots clear of the ground and cut with shears into pieces so that each of them had buds on the root collar.Planted plants bloom in the same year.
reproduction by dividing the bush clematis and layering
Cuttings - the easiest and most popular way to many gardeners reproduction.It is better to take cuttings from the middle part of the shoot before flowering plants.The lower oblique cut made at a distance of 4-6 cm from the assembly, the top - even higher than 2 cm from the node.These cuttings treated with rooting stimulator in (kornevin, IAA) and are planted in a greenhouse, a greenhouse in a mixture of peat and sand.This node bury into the soil to 1 cm. Cuttings watered every day, and after rooting (30-60 days) do1-2 reduce watering once a week.In the winter they are covered with peat or sawdust.In the autumn of next year, the seedlings are transferred to a permanent place.
Some growers perpetuate cuttings in a jar of water.The vessel was placed in a warm place, protected from direct sunlight, water should be only the tips of the cuttings.Roots form in 1-2 months.
Cuttings of clematis
Growing clematis from seed
best to sprout fresh seeds of clematis.However, with proper storage (at + 18-23oS in paper bags) seeds remain viable for four years.Large seeds (group Duran, Zhakmana) sown immediately after harvest in autumn, medium (integrifolia, manchzhursky, Douglas) - In January, small (clematis Tangut, vinogradolistny) - in March-April.
To accelerate germination seeds are soaked 10 days in water, changing it 4-5 times daily.Then the seeds spread in a wet substrate capacitance, sprinkle the top with sand and covered with glass.The temperature during germination should be + 25-30 oC.When will the shoots, they provide indirect lighting.Picks in separate pots is carried out at the appearance of the first pair of true leaves.Seedlings planted in open ground in May.Between the plants leaves 15-20 cm. To stimulate branching plants need to pinch back.In autumn the plants are covered with young, transplanted in the spring at intervals of 0.5 m, shoots shortened to a few nodes.Within two to three years, seedlings root system reaches a length of 10-15 cm - now they are ready for landing a permanent place.
Reproduction clematis vaccination is now quite rare due to its labor intensity.
How to plant clematis?
planting clematis is carried out under the scheme:
• dig a hole the size of 60h60h60;
• at the bottom of the drainage arrange rubble, large expanded clay or crushed brick;
• to the soil excavated from the pit to add 2 buckets of compost or compost, to 10 kg of sand, peat, 2 cups of wood ash, superphosphate (50 g);
• establish support;
• drainage to pour a mound prepared soil mixture;
• seedling roots spread on the hill and fall asleep soil (escape trunk to the first node must be located under the ground 5-10 cm);
• water the plant and the ground around the bush zamulchirovat peat;
• seedlings are placed on 1 m distance from each other;
• during the autumn planting a sapling in the winter harbor lutrasilom.
Proper planting bush clematis
Clematis: cultivation, care, feeding
Watering .Clematis - moisture-loving plants and require weekly abundant watering.Young plants are watered 10-20 liters per bush in 7-10 days, adults - 20-40 liters.In hot weather, watering is carried out 2-3 times a week.With a deficit of water in the adult large-clematis flowers begin to grow shallow.Therefore it is important to well spill ground so that the water has reached the roots, and not spread out over the surface.You can use this technique: departing 30-40 cm from the bush to dig in a circle of clay flower pots with drainage holes, fill them with water, which will slowly enter the soil to the roots.
supports .As the support used arches, obelisks, fishnet tube of metal mesh.Their size depends on the type of clematis: some vines reach 4 meters in length.Moreover, all construction should be strong and stable to support the weight of the plant.
Feeding .Clematis for the supply of a large amount of leaf mass need fertilizing.If the soil is properly prepared at planting, in the first year of growing the young plants do not make fertilizers.In the second year Clematis are fed 4 times per season.Due to the strong growth of shoots during the season you want to nitrogen, the maximum it is necessary in the spring.As a top dressing make mullein or bird droppings (1:10), they alternated with mineral agents (ammonium nitrate, ammonium sulfate or urea).During flowering fertilizer does not contribute as clematis because it reduces the duration of flowering.Autumn bush is made for each bone meal (200 g / m2) or superphosphate (20 g / 10 l of water).Spring make potassium sulfate 20-30 g / bucket of water.
Shelter for the winter : many varieties of clematis need a winter shelter.Before that, it is necessary to handle the bushes fundazol to prevent fungal diseases and sprinkle ashes.Thereafter spud the base of the bush.In determining the temperature -5-7oS time to cover the vines with spruce spruce branches, dry leaves, twigs.Some types of clematis need pruning to shelter (partial or complete).
Pruning clematis in groups
Main pests and diseases.Measures to combat them
cyst nematodes : larvae of this pest settle in the roots.Discharge of life of the larvae cause root cells proliferation - gal.The plant grows poorly, leaves and flowers are deformed, changing their color.Further parasitizing root system is dying.The affected vine save fails, it is necessary only to destroy.To repel nematodes can be planted near the clematis parsley, marigolds, calendula.
With other pests (thrips, slugs, snails, aphids), does not present any particular risk for clematis, can be combated by folk remedies (the infusion of garlic, ash, tobacco dust).By insecticides (aktellik, Fitoverm, Spark etal.) Resort in extreme cases.
most common disease of clematis wilt is - vegetative wilt, caused by various harmful fungi.Infection occurs through the damaged roots and the stem base.The mycelium of the fungus, growing in the "master" vessels clog it and breaks the power plant.Stems and leaves can fade in a matter of hours.The most common lesion wilt occurs during wet weather with an excess of nitrogen in the soil, on heavy soils.
For the prevention of fungal diseases ground under bushes shed fungicides (fitosporin-M), copper oxychloride or a solution of potassium permanganate, a plant root neck when landing sprinkled with powdered charcoal and ash.
mildew domestic grades less than foreign.In young shoots, leaves appear whitish plaque-like flour, under which the tissue gradually turn brown and wither.These parts of the plant destroyed, and the rest of the plant is treated with a solution of copper sulfate or colloidal sulfur fundazol.
Rust manifests the appearance of orange spots on the leaves, shoots, stalks.With strong defeat leaves wither and fall off, the stems become brittle.Infected plant parts are removed and burned, the remaining liquid is sprayed with Bordeaux.Of the chemicals used Topaz ProfitGold.