When cold sores on the lips during pregnancy is harmful to the fetus ?diagnosis and treatment of herpes on the lips during pregnancy
Motherhood / / December 13, 2017
Usually, febrile rashes on the lips do not cause much anxiety in women.
Herpes infected most of humanity and only less than 10% of the population are immune to the virus. The disease can last for a long time in the body in a dormant state, and when exacerbated, in most cases, you can quickly get rid of obvious manifestations with the help of modern drugs or folk remedies.
But what if the herpes on the lips appeared during pregnancy? Is the disease dangerous to the baby?
Causes of herpes on the lips during pregnancy
Herpes virus penetrates into a healthy body by contact or airborne droplets. Passing the place of infection in the form of mucous membranes, respiratory or genital tract, the infection moves along the bloodstream and reliably penetrates into the nerve cells. Once in the body, which mainly occurs in childhood, herpes settles for life.
The virus can be in a dormant state for a long time. Antibodies produced in the human body, effectively inhibit the development of pathology. Therefore, before the advent of favorable conditions, the herpes can not show itself and the woman can be completely ignorant, which is the carrier of a harmful microorganism.
To rebel and manifest externally, herpes begins with a sharp decrease in the defenses of the body. The most common signs of herpes are found:
- after hypothermia;
- under the influence of nervous surges;
- due to cold or viral diseases;
- for exacerbation of chronic ailments;
- under the influence of general overwork;
- with imbalance of hormonal background;
- because of lack of vitamin, other nutrients.
It would seem that a woman during pregnancy makes every effort to lead a healthy lifestyle, and the body should activate more opportunities to protect the baby from adverse effects.
But strangely enough, the immune abilities from the moment of conception in the female body are significantly limited. This is due to the fact that the fetus actually carries in itself the foreign proteins of the biological father. Without a certain adjustment, the immune mother cells of the blood, having discovered a foreign body, would have taken every opportunity to get rid of it. In this case, the conflict that arises will not allow the fetus to bear fruit.
Nature to reduce the susceptibility of the female body during pregnancy to unfamiliar particles provides a significant reduction in the ability of the immune system. And it acts not selectively, but the immunity of the whole organism is suppressed. And as a consequence, the ability of resistance and dangerous infections decreases.
If herpes was present before conception, it is necessary, feeling weak resistance, will try to manifest itself during pregnancy in all its glory.
What are the threats to the fetus that exist with herpes during pregnancy?
Herpes virus, having settled in the body, always causes a response, which is expressed by the formation of certain antibodies that can muffle the manifestations and activation of the infection. Antibodies to simple herpes, appearing rashes on the lips, are of two types. Immunoglobulins of class IgM appear immediately after infection and exist in the body for up to two months. Ig G antibodies are formed a little later, but they perform their function throughout the lifetime of the infected.
If a woman has had signs of herpes before conception, her body uniquely has anti-herpes custody. These particles will reliably protect the baby during pregnancy from infection with a harmful infection. The probability of serious pathologies when the herpes is activated on the lips during pregnancy exists if the woman has serious pathologies of the immune character of the congenital or acquired type.
Danger of cold sores on the lips during pregnancy is the time of primary infection. Such cases are rare and present a great threat at any time:
The first three months of have a high probability of miscarriage or pregnancy fading. Doctors in some cases of infection with herpes are recommended to interrupt pregnancy because of the possibility of pathologies of fetal development.
Infection from the fourth to the sixth month is fraught with fetal abnormal pathologies incompatible with life.
The last three months of introduction of infection into the body can trigger pathologies in the form of:
- abnormalities in the physical development of the fetus;
- severe damage to the nervous system;
- of heart defects;
- developmental defects of the brain;
- significant hearing impairment, vision.
Even if the signs of herpes on the lips were not observed before pregnancy, this does not confirm the absence of a virus in the blood. Therefore, to judge the infection or relapse can only be obtained by the results of examinations for herpes.
Diagnosis of herpes on the lips during pregnancy
Herpes on the lips during pregnancy has quite pronounced signs. And outwardly it is almost impossible to confuse with other diseases:
At the beginning of a relapse appears itching and a slight burning sensation in the corners of mouths or other areas of the lips.
Later, the swelling of begins to manifest, which develops into painful blisters.
In the third stage, numerous bubbles burst and appear in their place sores .The released liquid necessarily contains microparticles of the virus and becomes a source of infection.
crusts of are formed on the sockets, which can not be removed. If they are removed prematurely, bleeding may begin.
Exacerbation of herpes can be accompanied by with general weakness and fever.
A doctor needs a visual examination to determine herpes on the lips during pregnancy. But to confirm and clarify the timing of infection and possible threats, additional laboratory tests will be needed, which are carried out in several stages:
The polymerase chain reaction allows the presence of a virus causative agent in the blood, as well as in materials taken for analysis from lesions.
Immunoassay analysis of helps to determine the presence of antibodies in the blood. Depending on the type and amount of immunoglobulins, one can judge the timing of infection. When detecting antibodies of class G, it is confirmed that the ability of the pregnant woman to fight infection, which penetrated into the body long before conception. And an increase in their number in the dynamics suggests a relapse of pathology. The presence of immunoglobulins of type M signals the primacy of infection.
General tests of urine, blood , which necessarily lead in any diseases during pregnancy, show normal, without deviations.
During initial infection, depending on the gestational age, additional studies and observations are performed, allowing the to track the fetal condition.
Treatment of herpes on the lips during pregnancy
It is impossible to completely get rid of the virus. Once in the body, he settled in it forever. The treatment is directed by to reduce the bright symptoms of herpes on the lips of during pregnancy and prevent the manifestation of infection in new areas. In the absence of competent therapy, herpes can last quite a long time, affect new areas of the skin and cause dangerous complications.
Despite the prevalence of the disease and the presence of many antiherpetic drugs in pharmacies, herpes therapy on the lips during pregnancy can only be done by a doctor.
Common drugs of the immune and antiviral effects during pregnancy are strictly prohibited.
The most frequently prescribed antiviral ointments of local action, which are practically unable to penetrate the blood and can not harm the child.
Common to the treatment of herpes on the lips during pregnancy include ointments such as Acyclovir, Herperax, Zovirax , and also the general antiviral nature of the type Viru-Merz Serola, Priora, Erazaban.
If ointments start to be used at the time of the onset of a relapse, which is manifested by characteristic tingling, the appearance of vesicles, and even more, sores can be avoided.
It is additionally allowed to use folk methods in the form of aloe juice, sea buckthorn oil, which will enhance the effect of ointments.
At the stage of drying of sores, you can use softening ointments to prevent cracking of wounds.
When treating herpes on the lips during pregnancy should adhere to the important recommendations:
- Ointment should be applied in a thick layer, slightly rubbing into the formation.
- Do not stop using antiherpetic drugs after the appearance of crusts.
- Apply funds to wounds not with your hands, but with special cotton buds.
- Do not puncture the bubbles that appeared to avoid spreading the infection.
- Observe precautions: wash hands after contact with the affected area, do not use cosmetics to apply to infected areas, avoid contact with eyes through hands.
Measures for the prevention of herpes on the lips during pregnancy
First of all, pregnant women should exclude any communication with carriers of infection in the active phase. If herpes is expressed in the family, it is worth taking care of the allocation of personal utensils and hygiene products. About kisses and other manifestations of feelings, which are in close contact, it is worth forgetting during the period of exacerbation of the disease.
It is worth taking care of strengthening the immune defense of your body. This will help activities in the form of:
full sleep, rest;
intake of recommended by physicians vitamins, minerals;
the correct mode of work, rest;
avoiding nervous stress, stress;
frequent exposure to air;
practicing acceptable types of therapeutic gymnastics during pregnancy.
Herpes has different reactions to the composition of the diet. Its reproduction is promoted by the amino acid arginine, which is present in sweets, especially in chocolate and in a suit.
And does not like the virus products in which the amino acid lysine is present.
Therefore, it is worth eating more to add dishes with the content:
- chicken meat;
Suppresses the infection of zinc , which is present in pumpkin seeds, mushrooms, nuts, blueberries.
Having satted your diet with useful dishes, you can create a good barrier against the development of herpes infection.
Having found signs of herpes on the lips during pregnancy, do not start to panic.
There are many ways to suppress pronounced symptoms. And in order not to worry about the fate of the baby, contact your gynecologist.
Modern diagnostic methods will quickly resolve doubts or outline the tactics of further therapy.