Which heart rate during pregnancy is normal ?Raising or lowering the pulse rate of a pregnant - when it is a pathology
Motherhood / / December 13, 2017
When pregnant, the future mom completely changes the habitual rhythm of life.
The exciting and joyful moments make the heart beat faster. And already there is a strange ripple in the throat.
Is this a cause for concern? The values of the pulse during pregnancy have their own values of the norm, which are not constant and change under the influence of external stimuli and internal changes in the body.
What does the pulse indicate during pregnancy?
The heart muscle is constantly shrinking to push blood into the vessels. The walls of the vessels in this case oscillate. It is these fluctuations that can be independently determined. The number of veins ripples indicates how often the heart contracts.
The pulse rate during pregnancy is quite important. After all, when measuring the pulse can be tracked:
• heart palpitations - tachycardia;
• slow heart rate - bradycardia;
• irregular heartbeats - arrhythmia.
Therefore, at every reception with a gynecologist, the doctor necessarilymeasures the pulse during pregnancy.
But these indications can be tracked and the itself :
1. The pulse is best felt on the wrist or at the site of the artery pulsation at the neck.
2. The number of heartbeats per minute is calculated.
3. Count the number of pulsations you need at rest, it's better to rest a little before that.
4. The pulse is not measured after a meal, as during digestion the ripple increases.
5. You can use a semi-mechanical or electronic tonometer, which is equipped with the function of counting heartbeats.
Normal pulse during pregnancy
The only source of nutrients and oxygen for the fetus is the maternal blood. Therefore, with the birth of a new life, the female body takes all measures to ensure a normal blood supply. In addition, women's own organs and systems feel an additional burden, which requires increased oxygen supply.
At the very beginning of pregnancy, the pulse may increase slightly due to hormonal changes in the mother's body. The natural excitement associated with changes in life, and the presence of toxicosis also affects the heart rate.
But here there are natural limitations. The increase in heart rate can be up to 20 beats per minute. If a woman's pulse before pregnancy in a calm state was 90 strokes, then during pregnancy, the index of 110 cuts will not be pathological.
The second semester is generally considered the safest for pregnancy. Stormy hormonal changes are over, new ones are not to be expected soon. The organism has managed to adapt to the new state. Therefore, during this period, the heart beats more balanced and the heart rate returns to the heart rate range of the average person. The impact rate ranges from 80 to 90.
Starting at 25 weeks, the blood volume is significantly increased. This is due to the fact that the baby is growing and for its development requires more oxygen and nutrients. By the end of pregnancy, blood volume can increase by 1.5 liters. Therefore, the heart has to work in a strengthened mode. He has to pump more and more blood.
If the rhythm of the heartbeats remained at the same level, the blood simply stagnated in the vessels and became more viscous. This can lead to blood clots, increased blood pressure.
Therefore, the rapid pulse at such times just confirms the normal operation of the maternal heart and the entire circulatory system. In some cases, and at 115 beats per minute, doctors do not diagnose abnormalities.
At the end of pregnancy, after 32-34 weeks, the pulse may decrease slightly. This does not mean that the baby has decreased the need for nutrients. Just the circulatory system has adapted to a new volume of blood, and the heart begins to work in a more stable regime.
Of course, if a woman has managed to gain a decent weight by this time, has not ceased to carry heavy bags from shops or is still indulging in caffeinated drinks, the heart will have to decrease faster and the pulse will be higher than normal.
Causes of rapid heartbeat during pregnancy
With a sudden increased pulse during pregnancy, a woman can even feel heart contractions. There is a feeling that the heart is pounding, fluttering behind the sternum, a pulsation is felt in the throat, a pulsation of blood vessels is seen on the neck or temples. In addition, a woman can feel the pulse in the lower abdomen, which is clearly frightening.
A short-term increase in heart rate may occur in the following situations.
At physical exertion. Muscles in such situations have to decrease more often, while demanding more oxygen. To ensure the stable operation of muscle tissue, the heart is forced to fight more often. During pregnancy, to increase the pulse can lead not only to sports training, but even a banal walk in the fresh air. Carrying heavy objects, including bags, starting in the house of general cleaning or rearrangement on their own, a woman increases the burden on the heart.
After eating. Of course, light snacks can not affect the functioning of the circulatory system. But for those who like eating more potently, they prefer fatty dishes, spicy seasonings or various pickles, increased heart rate routine. The organism will have to make certain efforts to digest and assimilate heavy food. And for this, the increased blood flow is very important.
Under the influence of caffeinated beverages. Caffeine affects the condition of the vessels. At the same time, the pressure may rise and, as a consequence, the heart rate may increase. It should be remembered that caffeine is a part of not only coffee. Black and even green tea contain caffeine no less.
With bad habits. About the dangers of smoking and drinking alcohol-based drinks during pregnancy is known to every woman. In addition to disastrous effects on the fetus, such rash actions are reflected in the work of many women's systems. Accordingly, the heart works with a double load.
Due to psycho-emotional stress. Turtle heart cause any negative emotions. Fear, anxiety, stress, sobbing, disturbing states and even anger cause changes at the physiological level. Emotional background is reflected in the development of certain hormones, which, in turn, causes an increase in blood pressure, disturbances of blood flow. Strangely enough, too rapid reactions to joyous events lead to the same changes.
After taking some medicines. Drugs that were tolerated before normal, can cause intolerance or side reactions during pregnancy, including increased heart rate.
Are exposed to increase of pulse at pregnancy and the women who have typed weight. Extra pounds create a load not only on the joints and spine, but also on the circulatory system.
Feel the rapid pulse of a pregnant woman lying on her back. The increased weight of the fruit presses on the internal organs. In the prone position, the abdominal aorta is squeezed, which leads to a decrease in the blood flow to the heart and it has to contract more strongly.
With a rapid pulse, the supply of oxygen to the brain is reduced. Therefore, a woman can be harassed by unpleasant sensations in the form:
• feelings of heat;
• air shortage;
• "fluttering" of the heart;
• visual effects such as small points, fuzzy perception of objects.
With a sudden increase in heart rate, a pregnant woman may lose consciousness due to oxygen deficiency.
To reduce the heart rate alone:
• lie down and relax;
• gently change the position if lying on the back;
• drink small sips of cold water;
• take a few deep breaths;
• rinse face with cold water;
• press your fingers against the eyeballs with your eyes closed;
• Massage behind the ears in the area of the angle of the lower jaw.
Acupressure at these points helps to normalize the pulse.
The doctor can advise taking sedatives on a herbal basis. Independently to choose a medicine it is not necessary. Some herbs negatively affect pregnancy.
To prevent a sudden increase in heart rate during pregnancy, it is necessary:
1. Eat as often as possible and in small portions, avoid overeating.
2. Refuse from caffeinated and alcoholic beverages. Preference to give home compotes, decoctions of dried fruits.
3. Observe the rest and labor regime. Normalize the dream.
4. Do not allow physical overload.
5. It is often to be in the air, do not neglect exercise.
If simple home methods of pulse normalization do not bring results and accompanying symptoms in the form of vomiting, loss of consciousness, general malaise occur quite often, you need to urgently consult a doctor. It is desirable to record the fact of the rapid pulse in your diary of a pregnant woman and at the nearest visit to the gynecologist to inform him about it.
An increased pulse that worries periodically or on an ongoing basis may be a sign of serious pathologies:
• vascular disease;
• cardiac pathologies;
• increased or reduced pressure;
• failures in the electrolyte balance;
• for metabolic disorders;
• with hormonal failures;
• vegetovascular dystonia;
• for non-neurogenic disorders;
• with anemia.
Such pathologies require medical advice. Most likely, the woman suffered before these diseases. And pregnancy only provoked an aggravation of the situation. You may need to consult not only a gynecologist, but also a cardiologist, neuropathologist, endocrinologist.
A pulse increase can also be associated with infectious processes. With the flu, ARVI, the immune system of a woman is working in a strengthened regime, which is accompanied by changes in the composition of the blood. To combat dangerous viruses, the body reacts by increasing temperature, increasing heart rate.
How much lower pulse is dangerous for a future child?
Situations when the pulse decreases during pregnancy, are extremely rare. With a decrease in heartbeats below 60 beats per minute, bradycardia is diagnosed.
If there are short heartbeats during pregnancy, there is no danger for the mother and baby. Regardless of the number of cardiac contractions of a woman, the fetus retains its rhythm of heartbeat.
Threat arises when a decreased heart rate persists for a long time. In this case, there is oxygen starvation, which is reflected both on the woman's health and the development of the fetus. The child, receiving less oxygen with maternal blood, is subject to irreversible pathologies. First of all, the brain, nervous and cardiovascular system suffers. Such children are born with signs of hypoxia, have low weight.
The number of heartbeats is an important indication for monitoring the condition of a woman during pregnancy. Therefore, a woman needs to learn how to measure her pulse by herself, and report all deviations to her gynecologist.