Willow - Medicinal properties and applications in medicine
Health / / April 23, 2016
Willow - a general description of
Willow - genus of woody plants with smart spreading crown and characteristic greyish bark, belongs to the family of willow.The foliage of many species curly and thick, some - very rare.Leaves placed on reddish and flexible branches, petiolate.Depending on the type of tree leaf blade with finely toothed edges can be broad, narrow-linear or elliptical shape.
Hetero flowers are very small, almost imperceptible.Collected in dense inflorescence - earrings, especially noticeable before leafing.The box fruit enclosed between 2 valves, which are subsequently opened.Seed - small and lightweight - freely carried by wind over long distances.
Willow - the types and places of growth
world flora includes about 300 species of willow trees, distributed predominantly in the temperate countries of the Northern Hemisphere.Willow - satellite damp places, but one of the species - goat willow willingly settles on sandy soils.This type is more widespread others, lives on the territoryof Eurasia, preferring coniferous-deciduous forests.
Other common forms include:
- white willow (willow) - grows in floodplains throughout the territory of the Russian Federation;
- Salix fragilis - zapolonyayut alder planting along roads, dikes and dams;
- willow aquifolium - lane stretches from the far north to the Caucasus;
- Salix triandra - shrub species growing along the banks of many Russian rivers;
- basket-willow - grows in riverine floodplains, has a very flexible shoots, so it is often used in korzinopletenii.
Willow - occupant of a wide variety of locations and conditions, which indicates the high ecological plasticity of the genus.Ornamental species are planted as a perfect addition to the urban landscape.
Willow - medicinal properties
Since time immemorial valuable bush attributed magical properties.The bark of white willow has antipyretic (due to the content of acetylsalicylic acid), astringent, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, anthelmintic and diuretic actions.Tea made from fresh leaves relieves fatigue, willow broom in the bath treat low back pain, gout.Contained therein quinine it is a powerful tool against malaria.
Positive results were also achieved in the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases, diarrhea.Use willow and externally: for rinsing the mouth, throat, douching, with varicose veins, sweating of the feet, skin diseases.The plant is used as a sedative, antifebrile and wound-healing agent, and a weak decoction of the bark treats weak and brittle hair, saturating them with all necessary materials.
Willow - dosage forms
Medical raw material is the bark of young trees, which gently harvested in April before blooming of the first leaves.This month it is easily peeled from the timber.Dried under a canopy with good ventilation.
Less commonly used for medicinal purposes earrings, the collection of which is produced during flowering, and dried in a shady place.Store the resulting dry extract within 4 years, preferably in the paper and cardboard container.
Willow - recipes of traditional medicine
Varicose veins, thrombophlebitis, muscle fatigue: 120 gr.not too crushed roots of willows and pour 5 liters of water, the mixture is boiled and cook over very low heat for 10-15 minutes.Then cooled to a tolerable temperature and lower legs in the broth to cool.The broth can be used up to three times with preheating.The number of procedures - to improve (usually 5 to 8 trays).
Tincture tachycardia: 100-150 gr.fresh or dried male earrings pour a bottle (500 ml) of vodka to clean in a dark place for 21-30 days, then strain and drink all the brandy for 35 Cap.three times a day for 10-15 days.After a month, you can repeat the course.
diarrhea, uterine and LCD bleeding ulcer, gastritis exacerbation, gargling: use white willow.A handful of chopped roots pour 250 ml of water, simmer for 30 minutes, then squeeze out all but bring the volume to the original.Drink decoction before meals (3 p. Day) on the table.spoon.
Fresh leaves can be brewed beverage, scalded with boiling water.The juice or pulp - an excellent remedy for boils, eczema, acne and other skin problems.Whole leaves advisable to apply or to bind to the painful places, calluses and corns.
Willow - contra
- up to age 16 years;
- Pregnancy 2, 3 trimesters;
- the presence of viral infections (influenza, SARS);
not allowed concomitant use of drugs based on a willow with other salicylates (aspirin), funds from cough, cold.