Calathea - species , cultivation , care , transplantation and reproduction
A House And A Garden / / December 12, 2017
Homeland kalatei from the family of marantovyh is Central and South America, however, it perfectly feels in our apartments and offices. This is a very numerous genus, which occupies the first place in the family in the number of varieties( there are about 150 of them).First of all, this plant attracts the attention of flower growers with its beautiful and unusual patterned leaves, decorated with bizarre varied drawings. Some varieties of kalates are capable of flowering. Let's get acquainted with the most famous species of this plant.
Kalatea Makoya is the most popular of indoor plants. It is attractive with its wide, dulled leaves, from above as if painted in silver and green at the edges. Very beautiful looks thin pattern of leaves, like an ornament woven of veins and dark green spots of varying sizes.
Kalatea remarkable differs leaves, having wavy edges, in shape close to lanceolate. On the lower side they have a violet color. This plant has one sheet in the socket.
Kalateja Varcevic - very decorative, thanks to its large velvety leaves. But for its successful cultivation, it takes a lot of space, because before the flowering, the plant has the growth of rampant elbows that need support.
Kalatea - cultivation and care
To grow this flower you need a moderate temperature, which in winter should not fall below 16C.Kalatea does not tolerate drafts and sudden changes in temperature. On non-compliance with these rules, it necessarily meets the decay and loss of leaves.
To keep this plant, it is better to choose a loose, breathable, slightly acidic soil. The best option would be the purchase of a special soil for the manure plants. The flower needs good drainage to avoid stagnant water in the pot.
This plant is photophilous, but can not stand the direct sun, and this rule applies to the winter period of time. Kalatea well tolerates and partial shade, however, best of all it feels in a well-lit room.
In summer, the flower requires abundant watering soft, durable, necessarily warm water. For him, the constant moderate moisture of the root coma is very important, however, it can not be flooded either, it is better to water when drying about 2-3 cm of the top layer of the soil. In winter, watering should be reduced.
Spraying should be done regularly. One of the main conditions for the successful cultivation of kalates is the high humidity of the air. You can execute it in different ways. For example, by spraying over a flower several times a day of warm boiled water from a sprayer, or placing the pot in a tray with wet sphagnum or expanded clay so that its bottom does not come in contact directly with water. When spraying, avoid large droplets on the leaves, so that no stains remain and the plant does not lose sight.
Kalatea requires compulsory fertilizing with mineral fertilizers. In spring and summer it is carried out every two weeks, with the onset of the cold period, the feeding is reduced.
Kalatea - transplant and breeding
Every two years, in the spring, kalatelia should be transplanted. The soil for transplantation should consist of leaf and humus earth, peat( one part) and sand( 0.5 part).Since in the summer the plant is watered abundantly, during transplantation it is necessary to take care of good drainage( it should occupy not less than a quarter of the landing capacity).
The flower is multiplied by dividing the bush at the time of transplantation. To root the separated parts of the plant, you should put them in the pots covered with a film and keep in a warm place. After rooting, the film is removed and the plant is taken care of in the usual manner.
Kalatea - diseases and pests
If the flower has started to dry, its leaves on the ends have become brown and dry, this is most likely indicative of a lack of moisture and too dry air, which kalatea tolerates very hard. You can correct the situation by increasing the humidity of the air or by increasing the amount of spraying, or by placing the plant in a glass container.
When breeding kalatey, you need to remember about their demand for light. Too bright illumination leads to loss of color, and if they are exposed to direct sunlight, then a burn may occur.
Too dry air can also cause a spider mite to appear on the flower. It is a very small red spider, which, appearing on the underside of the leaves, envelops them with a thin white web. Get rid of it will help spraying and washing the leaves, especially on the underside, a weak tobacco infusion with soap, pollination with ground sulfur or processing the plant with ready-made insecticides.
After processing the leaves with solutions after a few hours, they should be washed with cool water. The treatment of the plant is carried out until the pests are completely destroyed. To prevent the defeat of kalatei by a spider mite, it is necessary to observe optimum conditions for its maintenance, to ensure sufficient humidity of the air and not to keep it close to central heating batteries.
Increased soil moisture on the roots can cause infection of the plant with rhizoctonia and the appearance of rot. This leads to the fact that the leaves of the plant are affected by specific spots. Treat it in this case by treatment with appropriate fungicides.
We can see that caring for kalatei, although it has its own difficulties, is quite feasible even for a beginner floriculturist. But for your works this plant will bring to your home a wonderful atmosphere of comfort, beauty and comfort.