Myrtle - cultivation , care , transplantation and reproduction
A House And A Garden / / December 12, 2017
Myrtle common( Myrtus communis) is a popular ornamental plant. In nature, its habitat is the Mediterranean, the Azores and North Africa. There it is a tree having a height of 3 to 5 m. Indoor specimens on average have a height of up to 60 cm, very rarely grow to 1 m. A myrtle tree can be described as an evergreen plant with whole leathery leaves and single or numerous white flowers in shortbrushes.
The genus Myrtus( Myrtus) numbers up to 40 species of myrtle family. Leaves and shoots of myrtle are a source of essential oil, widely used in perfumery and medicine. As a pot and plant, it is indispensable in the design of interiors.
However, this is not all the virtues of a plant. It is believed that it brings health, youth and beauty to the house. Since ancient times many European nations have had the custom of decorating the bride's outfit with myrtle branches and flowers, so it was customary to give the family a myrtle tree at the birth of the daughter. He is also considered a symbol of hope and peace, and ascribed to him the ability to strengthen confidence in himself and rid himself of fear.
Myrtle - growing and nursing
Is it easy or easy to care for myrtle? How much is a positive flower, so he and exacting. Myrtle tree will not forgive its owners forgetfulness, if they do not drink or feed it in time. For successful breeding, he needs to provide a sufficient amount of bright scattered light. Direct sunlight, it can also carry, but in small quantities. Thus, the best place for the plant will be the space near the western and eastern windows. It is possible to grow in the southern windows, but in this case, you need to think about how to protect it from the midday sun. At the northern window myrtle tree also will not be lost, but it will be less abundant to blossom. In the winter for him to find a more lit place.
Myrtle is more inclined to coolness, in spring and summer it needs moderate or slightly below moderate temperature( from 18 ° C to 20 ° C).In winter, it should be maintained at a temperature of 5 ° C to 8-10 ° C( but not higher).If this condition is not met, then there is a danger of dropping the foliage.
Watering a myrtle tree from spring to autumn needs abundant( when the upper layer of the substrate dries up), in winter - limited, using soft standing water. Soil drying, even short-term, is unacceptable. If this is the case, then the plant is watered by immersing the pot in a container of water. However, the stagnation of water in the pan is also unacceptable.
Also requires attention to humidity. In spring and summer, the plant needs regular spraying with soft, durable or filtered water. In the winter, you do not need to do this.
It is characterized by a pronounced rest period, which depending on the location may be different: on the northern window it lasts 3 months, on the southern window - up to 1.5 months.
Myrtle tree can easily be given an original shape by shearing, which it tolerates very well. However, one should not cut off the lateral shoots too much( especially for young plants), since the myrtle trunk is not particularly strong. Also, you do not need to get carried away by pinching young shoots to avoid reducing the intensity of flowering. Starting to care for this plant, decide what you are aiming for: highly branching compact bushes or beautifully flowering specimens with a weak crown. Myrtle grows very quickly, so in a couple of years you can get small branched bushes. To increase the intensity of its growth, it is fertilized every week from spring to autumn with flower fertilizer.
Myrtle transplant and reproduction
For young plants, an annual transplant is required without burial of the trunk base into the soil, then the myrtle is transplanted every 2-3 years( as necessary).For the transplant prepare a mixture of turf and peat land, humus and sand in equal parts or ordinary greenhouse soil. When transplanting it is necessary to take care of good drainage.
Propagates by seeds and cuttings. In the first case, the seeds are distributed over the surface of the moistened substrate from peat and sand, taken in equal parts. Then, covering the container with seed glass, keep the temperature at about 20 ° C, periodically ventilating it. The substrate needs constant moderate moistening. When shoots appear in 1-2 weeks, and they grow two sheets each, they make a picking in pots.
In the second case, half-aged cuttings are taken from January to February and in July and they are rooted in boxes or wide low pots. For rooting, take a mixture, which includes turf and leaf earth and coarse-grained sand. Contain the cuttings in a shaded place, covered with glass or plastic wrap and from time to time airing. A month later, when rooting takes place, they are planted in pots and watered abundantly.
Myrtle - possible diseases and pests
As we have already said, the myrtle is very fond and does not forgive mistakes or negligence in its cultivation. Thus, inadequate lighting, he responds with elongated stems and pale small leaves;at its surplus its leaves become dull and yellow. If you place the myrtle in a dark room with a high temperature, it will discard the leaves.
Very dangerous for it both overdrying, and excessive moisture of the earth coma. If it happened that due to non-observance of these conditions, the plant has discarded the leaves, then it is necessary to cut off the shoots to half, continue watering and spraying( watering should be very careful when waterlogging is required).Perhaps in this case, in 10-15 days, he will respond to your care by the appearance of young leaves.
Myrtle can also infect pests: spider mite, pemphig and coccid. First of all, this applies to old plant specimens. Although it can at any age be subjected to their attack, if in winter it is kept at too high a temperature. However, do not immediately use in the fight against insects pesticides. With a spider mite, you can try to fight with a tap of tap water, which it will simply be washed away, and to remove the pemphigus and coccid, use a brush soaked in a soap-alcohol solution.
You say that this plant is too capricious and difficult to breed? Try slightly rubbing his leaves, feel a thin pleasant smell, filling your soul with peace, and you will immediately be ready to forgive him for all his whims!