Encephalitis - Causes, Symptoms , Diagnosis, Treatment
Health / / April 20, 2016
There are several types of encephalitis .But the most common form of which is beginning to emerge with the onset of warm season, it's "tick-borne encephalitis."
tick-borne encephalitis is a disease with lesions of the central nervous system, resulting from the penetration of viral natural focal infection.This is a fairly common disease that bears mostly seasonal.
carriers of the virus, of which there are 29 strains are ticks.Zones are considered preferential spread Siberia, the Urals, the central regions of Russia, Hungary, Bulgaria, Belarus, Poland and other countries with a temperate climate.
The virus itself is quite resistant to heat.It is killed in 10 minutes at a temperature of 60 degrees, while its viability boiling for 2 minutes.It is sensitive to ultraviolet radiation and degraded quickly under its influence.Chlorine-containing products and Lysol completely destroy the virus.
Peak incidence occurs in May-June.
Encephalitis - Causes
main cause of encephalitis is the bite of ticks.It inherits insect virus and transmits it to the next generation.But in addition to mites, infection can transform birds, rodents and carnivores.Encephalitis mostly exposed people 20-40 years of age.
Infection can occur not only directly through contact with the skin, but also through the use of human milk of infected animals (mostly goats).It is also possible to carry infection hands, which was crushed mite (if the virus is on the mucous membranes of the eyes or the mouth, as well as fresh wounds).
Encephalitis - symptoms
In humans, the virus is spread through the blood.Brain and spinal cord are also involved in the cycle of infection.The first defeat suffered by motor neurons.The incubation period is 10 days.
A person infected with encephalitis, there are the following symptoms of the disease:
• Redness of the skin on the face and neck,
• Focal inflammation at the site of tick bite,
•Lowering blood pressure,
• Stiff neck.
With early detection and uncomplicated form of favorable prognosis.If diagnosis and treatment were conducted with a delay, that a transition to a different form - "meningoencephalitis".In this case, hallucinations, convulsions, delirium, epilepsy.This is due to a profound cranial nerves.
Encephalitis - diagnostics
diagnose encephalitis can be based on the results of laboratory tests.Increasing the number of antibodies in the blood and cerebrospinal fluid of the patient are the confirmation of infection.
In the analysis of peripheral blood can be seen an increase in the number of white blood cells and increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate.
Encephalitis - Treatment and Prevention Treatment
encephalitis carried out exclusively in a hospital, under the supervision of specialists.Patients prescribed bed rest.At the same time carefully watching prevent the formation of pressure ulcers.Requires control over urination and defecation acts.
The most effective drug treatment of encephalitis is the gamma globulin.It is administered for 3 consecutive days.Additionally medicament injection use a ribonuclease.When the second wave of the disease, administration of the drug is repeated.
were undergoing detoxication and degitratatsionnuyu therapy.If the disease has acquired a severe form, the measures are being taken to combat respiratory failure, prescribe corticosteroids.
Patients recover slowly.Extract can be made earlier than 2-3 weeks of intensive treatment, with the restoration of normal functions of the body and the patient stabilization temperature.
Within six months after suffering encephalitis, patients are advised to work with benign forms of relief from travel and heavy physical labor.Mental strain during rehabilitation is also contraindicated.
neurologist monitors the condition of the patient was discharged for another 2 years.
As preventive measures when walking is recommended to use special preparations frightening off their scent ticks and other blood-sucking insects.After walking you need to wash their hands thoroughly.Drinking milk is only possible after boiling.
In places increased likelihood of infection encephalitis vaccination every season activity of ticks.