Phlox - cultivation , care , transplantation and reproduction
A House And A Garden / / December 12, 2017
The Phlox family of the Pinymoniaceae family is represented by approximately 50 species of perennial plants and one annual( Drummond's phlox).The native land of these flowers is North America. From the Greek language, the name of the flower is translated as flox;it was given to the plant by Karl Linnaeus because of the fiery red flowers of wild phlox.
First of all, phlox attracts gardeners with its ease in growing, unpretentiousness, long flowering and diverse coloring of flowers, which can be the most incredible shades. Because of its decorativeness and unpretentiousness, this perennial is one of the most popular in the whole world. For today, more than 1500 varieties of these charming fragrant flowers are known.
All phloxes are represented by clustered upright species, reaching a height of 30 to 180 cm, and creeping undersized species, a height of 5-25 cm. Depending on the time of flowering, phloxes are spring, summer and summer-autumn. Thus, due to the various sizes of the bush and the variousperiods of flowering, it is possible to create very beautiful compositions in your garden, pleasing with its fragrant bright flowering from early spring to autumn.
Phloxes - growing and care
The most successful phloxes can be grown in a place protected from wind, light or semi-shaded with loose fertile soil and sufficient moisture. The soil for the spring planting of phlox should be prepared in autumn. Treated it to a depth of 30 cm, you must make in it compost, superphosphate, wood ash. In lime acid is introduced lime. For heavy clay soils, it is mandatory to add sand( 1-2 buckets per square meter) and organic fertilizers, such as manure and peat.
Phloxes belong to hygrophilous plants, however, on successful wetlands with a high standing of groundwater their successful breeding is impossible.
Care for phlox also includes loosening the soil, which is carried out about 6-8 times. When loosening in the second half of the growing season, it is recommended that the plants be hilled to speed up the formation of the root system.
Phloxes need fertilizing with mineral and organic fertilizers. The first top dressing is carried out in the second half of May. For her, take the manure, diluted in water in a ratio of 1:15, or nitrate( up to 25 grams per bucket of water).The second fertilizing is carried out in early June with the same fertilizers to which superphosphate or potassium salt is added. The third fertilizing is also carried out in early July, but without nitrogen fertilizers. And, at last, the fourth top dressing, phosphorus and potassium salt, is carried out at the end of July.
Phloxes - transplant and propagation
It is recommended to transplant phlox every 4-6 years. However, provided that the colors are adequately provided with nutrients, they can successfully grow in one place up to 10 years. When transplanting, take the distance between the bushes from 35 cm to 45 cm for low-growing varieties and from 50 cm to 60 cm for tall ones. The best time for transplant is the second half of April or the first half of May. Autumn planting should be completed by mid-August. In autumn, phloxes are planted, previously cutting off the aboveground part. If they were divided, then in such bushes the height of the stored stems should not be more than 25 cm, this is necessary for their good rooting. After planting the plant should be watered daily. For a summer transplant, you should take phloxes with a clod of earth, without dividing their root system.
The most common method of phlox reproduction is vegetative( bush division, stem cuttings, leaf cuttings with axillary buds, etc.).It allows preserving varietal differences of the plant, which can not be achieved during seed reproduction.
The most popular vegetative way to reproduce phlox is bush division. This is usually done in the early spring. After digging it out of the soil and releasing it from the ground, it is necessary to carefully spread the root cervical and root system and gently divide the bush, with hands or a knife. On the detachable part should be at least 3-4 growth buds and 5-b root offspring. Division of the bush can also be done in the fall, after the growth processes stop and before frosts, so that the plant successfully took root and well tolerated wintering.
Reproduction of phloxes by cuttings is carried out in May-June, then they quickly take root. To do this, cut off the young shoots from the bush and cut them into pieces with two pairs of leaves, making a lower cut underneath the lower leaves and removing the leaf blades. The upper cut must be 1 cm above the upper leaves, which should be cut halfway. By placing the cuttings in moist soil, they are covered with cans, pritenyayut and watered 2-3 times a day until fully rooted.
Phloxes - diseases and pests
With observance of the rules of agrotechnics and good care, phloxes are quite resistant to diseases and pests. However, mistakes in care lead to various painful conditions of plants and loss of their decorativeness.
So, when grown in the shade and lack of nutrients, phloxes can become ill with powdery mildew, rust, white spotting, verticillium wilting, variegation, mosaic, chopping of leaves.
The phlox stem nematode strongly affects these flowers, which is manifested by the invasion of microscopic worms, invisible to the naked eye. Having wintered in rhizome, soil, plant remains, in spring they settle in stems and leaves. You can find out their presence by the pale twisted tips of shoots and thinned leaves. Having discovered the plants with such signs, they should be immediately excavated with a large clod of earth and removed from the site.
However, with good care of all these difficulties can easily be avoided. And then in May, on your site, the phlox will blossom subulate and spread out;In June, the phloxes of Drummond blossom with scarlet flowers, which will blossom until the fall;from the middle of summer until autumn, the phlox flies and spotted will delight the eye, that is, for several months a year your garden will be full of lush color and beautiful aroma of these amazing flowers.