Peony - cultivation , care , transplantation and reproduction
A House And A Garden / / December 12, 2017
Rhode Peony (Paeonia) is the only one in the family of peony (Paeoniaceae) and originates from South-East Asia.Flowers peonies were cultivated for many centuries BC in China, Greece, Rome, where they were used as ornamental and medicinal plants.
Very beautiful ancient Greek legend about the appearance of the pion.She says that once a young man who lived peons, who was a disciple of the god of healing Aesculapius, the goddess of darkness Latona gave a mysterious plant has an amazing healing properties.With this he was able to heal the plant god Pluto hell of the wounds which were inflicted to him Hercules.Because of this Aesculapius held his learner envy and decided to kill him.But Pluto, grateful peons for healing, did not let him die, and turned into a beautiful flower - peony.
The Russian peonies have appeared only in the time of Peter I, who was very fond of these flowers;in the first half of the XIX century Russian collection was replenished luxurious varieties of French selection, however, fora long time peonies remained unexplored for a wide range of flower lovers.Only in the postwar years, the domestic flower growers pay attention to it and do selection, which resulted in a host of varieties of these beautiful fragrant flowers.
garden peonies Classification is based on the difference in the structure of the flower, which can be nemahrovym, Japanese, anemovidnym, semi-double, terry.The timing of flowering peonies are early, middle and late.
Peony - cultivation and maintenance
For breeding peonies is best to choose an open, sunny, well-warmed areas protected from the wind.However, no air circulation increases the risk of disease, so the lot, planted with peonies, should be somewhat removed from buildings and trees.
If a strong shade during the day, even for a few hours about the full flowering of plants can not be speech.The best for the pions are loamy, well-dug soil.In wet, swampy areas, they do not survive, so if necessary, at a depth of 60-70 cm suit drainage from the rubble and gravel.
Peonies do not need to be watered often, however, every watering should be spent 2-3 buckets per adult bush, so that water can wet the soil to a depth of the roots of bedding.It is especially important to adequately moisten the soil in the spring, when the plants are put buds and flowering occurs, and at the end of the summer, during the laying of flower buds.After watering the land is subject to mandatory loosening, to retain moisture in the soil, improve its aeration and slowing the growth of weeds, which take away the flowers nutrients and cause the spread of diseases and the development.
autumn stems pions must be cut at ground level and burn, prisypaya their remains ash (at each plant must be up to 3 handfuls).Harboring adult plants do not need.
Peony - transplantation and reproduction
With appropriate preplant tillage and leaving peonies are up to 20 years or even more to stay in one place without a transplant.As a rule, for the next year after planting, plant growth is slow, they begin to bloom only 2-3-th year, more abundant every year.Therefore, if you want to always blooming peonies do not need them often transplanted.
If, however, there is a need to transplant the flowers, then do it as a whole, without division, you should not, as such a plant would be bad to grow and bloom poorly, because it is not a new root system will develop.
most common method of propagation of peonies is a division of the rhizomes, which should be made in August or early September.In this way the plant should be carefully dig around around and pull out of the soil.Then, clearing it from the ground and removing the rotten roots, we need to cut them at an angle.
Best delenki considered part of the bush, having 3 to 5 buds and the same number of roots.Share bushes, roots slightly podvyali much easier.For planting a peony bush required pit size from 50 to 60 cm in depth and diameter, the bottom should be loosened on the spade depth, and add about half the volume of the mixture of topsoil and well-decomposed compost (10 kg) with mineral fertilizers (about 100 gr.).Planting delenki should be in such a way that the eyes were placed 5 cm below the soil level.If they are higher, the plant can freeze in winter;if it is below - they will bloom poorly.After planting, the soil should be well compacted around the roots.Young shrubs are able to bloom in two to three years after the transplant.
Peony - diseases and pests
Peony little susceptible to pests and various diseases.Among them, the most common are gray mold, which affects the buds, leaves, stems, and leaves ringed mosaic.To protect peonies from diseases, they are sprayed with a 1% solution of liquid Bordeaux or other products containing copper.Conduct spraying is necessary to the formation of buds, and ideally - for the first time, and after 10 days in early spring - the next.
Peonies can be exposed to a variety of beetles and ants.For example, prior to the beginning of their flowering buds can consume the bronze beetles.They can be collected by hand, and can be carried out spraying the plants with fungicide accordingly.
And yet, to grow these flowers is quite simple, but the beauty and divine fragrance it is difficult to find a match among horticultural crops.
12, 08, 2017
12, 08, 2017