Yucca - cultivation , care , transplantation and reproduction
A House And A Garden / / December 12, 2017
Rhode Yucca (Yucca) of the agave family represented about 40 types of tree perennials.Homeland of the plant are the rain forests of North America.Today, in some places its growth in nature are Mexico, Jamaica, Bermuda, Central America, the southern regions of North America.
They think that yucca in the house is the companion of happiness, health, success in your activities, as well as the family of peace and mutual understanding.Maybe because it is a beautiful evergreen tree is very popular among gardeners around the world and successfully grown in our homes and apartments.In the Caucasus and in the Crimea and yucca grow in the open field, but the inhabitants of the northern and central strips can cultivate it only indoors.
most often among cultivated crops we plant this garden can be found yucca, yucca aloelistnuyu, yucca and yucca elephant filamentous.The most interesting of these is yucca elephant, reaching a height of 10 m. However, the most common filamentous yucca, which received its name from the fact that its leaves are used to produce fibers.By the way, precisely because of these fibers first jeans were sewn!In short, it is absolutely wonderful plant, care which is to perform some simple rules, within the powers of even novice fans of exotic plants.
Yucca - cultivation and maintenance
First of all, the yucca is very light.If possible, then in the summer with the flower pot is best to keep the fresh air, at least on the balcony.In winter, for it must find a place near the window, as in this period, good lighting is one of the key conditions for successful cultivation of yucca.If it will not be able to provide enough light, the thick fan leaves the plant will not.
Watering Yucca from early spring until autumn should be abundant, however, accumulation of water in the sump can lead to root rot and stem rot development.In the winter dormant period watering should be moderate.The cooler the temperature of the content of the plants in the winter, the less often it needs to be watered, however, over-drying earthen clod is also unacceptable.
Jukka does not need to spray, but it should be cleaned with a damp cloth to maintain its leaves of ornamental plants and removal of dust, which interferes with breathing plants.yucca should Spray only when in the winter it is contained in the vicinity of the central heating.
In April and August every two weeks the plant should be fed complex fertilizers.
Yucca - transplantation and reproduction
Transplant yuccas must be carried out every two years in the spring.To do this, prepare the soil mixture from the combined two of the clay and sod ground and humus and peat with river sand (one part).Be sure to provide good drainage.For this plant needs a large pot or tub.
yucca can multiply in spring, by rooting the tops of the stem or trunk fragments having a length of at least 10 cm. It is also practiced by its reproduction using seeds or affiliated outlets.Sockets, which should be cut in the spring or summer, perpetuate in moist sand, and then transplanted into a pot with soil.
During the multiplication of seeds it is necessary to take a fresh seed.After soaking for a day in warm water the seeds are sown in the soil mixture of peat and light leaf land.In order to create an optimal climate, the capacity in which they are located, covered with glass.Periodically, it is necessary to remove and ventilate the crop.By providing all of these conditions in about a month the seeds should bark.
Yucca - possible diseases and pests
Like every other plant, yucca can suffer from improper care.Thus, excessively dry air, lack of watering or drafts it reacts brown leaf edges, too low temperature - soft twisted leaves and brown edges.
brown spots, with plenty of sun can appear With insufficient watering the leaves - light brown.
If yucca leaves appear grayish-brown spots - means she suffers fungal or bacterial disease caused by high humidity and soil.In this case it is necessary to remove the affected leaves and spray the plant systemic fungicide.You should also reduce watering.
If there is a softening of the stem or crown rot and, most of all, we are talking about such fungal diseases as stem rot, which is most likely to occur due to waterlogged soil.Unfortunately, most often ends with the death stalks rot the plants, though, if you can remove all of the diseased tissue in the early stages of the disease, it can be saved.
yucca also can suffer from pests, among which the most common are Coccidae and spider mite.Coccidae can not only cause a slowdown yucca, but also lead to its demise.To combat plant was sprayed with it such means as aktellik (20 drops per 1 liter of water) and rubbed with both sides of the leaves with a sponge that is wetted in the same solution.
Spider mite can occur when excessive dryness of the air.It becomes the cause of the withering away of the leaves, and its presence can be guessed by their pale green color and a solid whitish spots.In order to combat spider mites plant was sprayed with any systemic insecticide and be sure to increase the humidity in the room.
course, in order to grow a solid grew the plant needs a lot of time and patience.But if you get it, the yucca will be your pride and a real decoration of your living room or hall, so your work will be adequately rewarded!