Hibiscus - cultivation , care , transplantation and reproduction
A House And A Garden / / December 12, 2017
Rhode Hibiscus (Hibiscus) family Malvaceae (Malvaceae) includes, according to various sources, from 150 to 220 plant species, both wild and cultivated.It is believed that they come from south-east Asia, but in nature they can also be found in Africa and in America.There on wet floodplain meadows you can admire the whole thickets of this beautiful plant with large, elegant, brilliantly colored flowers.
In Hawaii hibiscus called "flower beautiful women" and considered a national plant, in Brazil, one of its species is called "Princess earrings."However, in places of their natural habitat, these flowers have not only a decorative function.Their young leaves and shoots are eaten as a vegetable;of seeds, leaves, fruits, roots and produce various drugs;from the flowers - black hair dye and purple - for the food industry.Loved by many Tea "Hibiscus" also refers to the gifts of hibiscus.
In a culture you can meet more often with hibiscus Syrian (H. syriacus), hybrid hibiscus (H. hybridus) and the Chinese hibiscus (H. rosa-sinensis).
For growing in a garden in our conditions, the most suitable Syrian hibiscus, since it cold tolerant.It is a beautiful plant with erect branches, reaching a height of 3 m, which begins to bloom in June and pleases the eye with its exquisite colors until late autumn.It is best to choose his landing mixed beds of light-loving herbaceous perennials that bloom in mid-summer.Growth hibiscus is slow, so to their normal size, it grows over the years.Interestingly, each of its flower can bloom for only one day, but he has so many buds that they have enough for a few months, the lush flowering.
Hibiscus - cultivation and maintenance
for growing hibiscus in open ground suitable climates with mild winters.Without shelter he can only spend the winter in southern areas, in other circumstances it is necessary to shelter from the winter frost to prevent winterkill aboveground parts.However, even in this case, with the advent of spring plant grows anew and flowering occurs on the shoots of the new.The leaves on the bushes of hibiscus appear only later in the spring, so that make conclusions about the safety of the plants after the winter up to this time is not necessary.The biggest impact of frosts have on young plants.Therefore, when planting hibiscus autumn, should make the first winter mulching the ground around it and tie the scrub spruce spruce branches.In areas where there are strong long frost planting hibiscus better carry out the spring.
place for planting should be selected sunny and protected from the wind, with the loose soil without stagnant water, rich in humus.Hibiscus, which provided good care, can live 20 years or more, as you grow, it becomes more winter-hardy and accustomed to our temperatures.
Hibiscus - transplantation and reproduction
Repotting should be done in early spring, before flowering plants.First you need to do his cutting, in order to activate the branching and flowering.pruning branches produce about two-thirds or half of their length.After the transplant, if the plant to ensure good lighting and abundant watering, in a year you can get a flowering plant.
garden hibiscus is propagated by dividing the bush, layering, cuttings and seeds.The easiest way is considered to be propagation by cuttings.They are cut from June to August, with the tops of the young growth, with 2-3 internodes, processing sections of growth stimulants.Then the cuttings are rooted in containers with soil mixture prepared from a mixture of peat and sand, providing them with content at a temperature 22-25 ° C.Approximately one month take root cuttings, and then they should be planted in small pots with soil mixture prepared from 2 parts of humus and taken on leaf and 1 part of humus and sand, and showering with warm water.
Sowing the seeds produced in January-March, pre-soak them for 12 hours a Epinay.Sown in the soil mixture, which is taken for the preparation of peat and sand.Capacity with sowing need to cover the glass and keep the temperature from 25 ° C to 27 ° C, periodically spraying and airing.After germination the seedlings and the formation of two or three leaves they should dive in small pots.If grown from the seeds of Hibiscus, it will begin to bloom and bear fruit for 3-4 year life.
Hibiscus - diseases and pests
Like any other plant, for errors in the care of hibiscus responds to their appearance and health.Thus, the buds are not opened and fell off, indicate a lack of nutrients and lack of watering.
fall off the lower leaves indicates occurrence of leaf chlorosis due to the fact that water, which is sprinkled flower contains excessive amounts of calcium chloride, and the lack - of nitrogen and iron.If hibiscus lush foliage but no flowers - hence, the plant has received too much fertilizer with high nitrogen content.From his lack of moisture leaves can poniknut leaves and become lethargic.
damages hibiscus and pests, among which the most common aphids, thrips, whiteflies, spider mites.The most effective means to combat them is the treatment of systemic insecticides such as "aktellik".
If you can understand the hibiscus and provide him with the right conditions for growth and development, this flower of love and beauty for years to come will be the pride and ornament of your garden or farmstead, consistently throughout the summer delighting you beautiful bright flowers.