Chrysanthemums - cultivation , care , transplantation and reproduction
A House And A Garden / / December 12, 2017
genus Chrysanthemum (hrysanthemum) of the family Asteraceae (Asteraceae) or Compositae (Compositae) includes more than 200 species of annual and perennial herbaceous plants.The name chrysanthemum translated from Greek as "golden flower", which is explained by the yellow color of its inflorescence.
Homeland chrysanthemums is the Far East, where people admired them since ancient times.So, even 3000 years ago the Chinese were engaged in the cultivation of these wonderful plants in pots.For the Japanese Chrysanthemum it is also a favorite flower and a symbol of longevity.In addition, in Japan the flower is honored also as an emblem of the country and an important part of national culture.
unified approach to the classification of chrysanthemums is currently lacking.China, Germany and France, experts are of the opinion that there are 10 classes of chrysanthemums;The United States and England - 15. We have varieties of chrysanthemums belong to large-, srednetsvetkovym and melkotsvetkovym.Also, chrysanthemums are divided according to the type of flower, shrub height and flowering periods.Depending on the timing of flowering chrysanthemum varieties are early, middle, and late of medium.It is obvious that with the selection of chrysanthemums with different flowering periods, you can create gorgeous flower arrangement in your garden, which will delight with the bright colors from summer to late autumn.
Chrysanthemums - cultivation and maintenance
Chrysanthemum - a heat-loving plants, so their successful cultivation starts with the right choice of landing sites.Chic Chrysanthemums can be grown only on an elevated sunny location with a slightly acid or neutral soil with good drainage and high water permeability.With a lack of lighting at the chrysanthemum will stretch shoots and broken flowering period, typical for the species.Good results in growing these plants can be achieved only in the fertile lands, so poor soil before planting should fertilize rotted manure, compost, peat.
Chrysanthemum loves moisture, so before flowering it needs abundant watering.For irrigation is better to use soft water, rain, or one that is advocated at least 12 hours.If the plant is lack of moisture, it immediately affect its decorative properties.
Chrysanthemum very responsive to fertilizers, both mineral and organic.For the young plants are best used for fertilizing nitrogen fertilizer needed to increase the mass of green and positively affect leaf color and size of the flower.Followed by use of phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, contributing to the improvement of the flowering plants and enhance their immunity.However, we must remember that watering chrysanthemum dressings only at the roots to the leaves fallen on the fertilizer does not cause burns.Good results also allows burnt-feeding mullein or chicken manure.
Chrysanthemums - transplantation and reproduction
Chrysanthemum - this plant open ground, so it should be an annual plant in the garden or on the infield.It is better to dig for it does not fit well, and the trench, keeping the distance between the cuttings of 30-50 cm (depending on the characteristics of the variety).By planting the cuttings, seedlings should cover covering materials to create a favorable microclimate.
easiest way to breeding chrysanthemums - a division of the bush.To implement it in the spring, after the disappearance of the threat of frosts return.To do this, digging and dividing the bush young shoots, immediately land shoots with roots and abundantly watered them.
Also chrysanthemum cuttings propagated.For such reproduction should be cut in spring green shoots, having a length of 10 cm to 15 cm, put them in potting soil and well watered before rooting.
can use chrysanthemum seeds for reproduction.They are sown in May, directly into the ground for 3-4 pieces per well.With this method of reproduction Chrysanthemum will bloom around the beginning of August.To bloom started earlier planting should be carried out in March, in a warm room, and after the emergence of seedlings to carry out their picks in pots followed by precipitation into the soil in late May.With this method of reproduction of chrysanthemums begin to bloom in late June.
Cuttings can be obtained, and in the autumn, after flowering plants.In this case, chrysanthemum should be left for the winter in the pot as the royal plant.Shoots that are faded, you need to cut to the ground in a pot and place the plant in a cool place, limiting its watering, so it is not lost.In March of the land from its roots appear apical offspring, which should be used as cuttings.
Such cuttings are planted in bowls or boxes with a mixture of humus with peat and sand mound on top of 2-3 cm. Before planting, it is recommended a sharp knife to make them smooth cut under the leaf node for a better rooting.Then cuttings are planted in a shallow layer of sand, and previously sprayed with water, covered with glass.Keep them better at a temperature of 13 ° C to 15 ° C degrees, and after rooting, which occurs in about 3 weeks, the glass should be removed and planted young plants into small pots.
Chrysanthemums - diseases and pests Diseases
chrysanthemums occur most often from improper care and usually occur when there is insufficient or excessive watering or too high temperature.The most common disease of chrysanthemums considered gray rot, which manifests itself in the damaged plant light-brown spots and rotting of inflorescences.In this case, the affected plants should be removed and burned.
Another common disease of chrysanthemums - powdery mildew, which can be found on the leaves whitish bloom.In order to treat the plants were sprayed with liquid mednomylnoy.
chrysanthemum can also rust sick leaves, leaf spot (Septoria), root bacterial cancer.In the first two cases, they are treated by means of spraying with fungicides, the latter - to immediately remove from the landings and burned.
main pests of chrysanthemum - it aphids and spider mites.Aphids destroyed washing the plant with soapy water once a week.You can also use this pyrethrum solution, which is prepared by the infusion of 200 grams.pyrethrum powder in 10 liters of water for 12 hours.Then, 50 ml of the tincture is diluted in 10 liters of water and adding 50 g.soap is used for controlling aphids.
And aphids and spider mites can be destroyed with an aqueous extract of garlic, as well as ready-made insecticides.
Thus, purchasing high-quality planting material and observing the rules of care for roses, can be successfully grown on his land the plant, which is a symbol of longevity, happiness and beauty.