Dermatitis - Causes, Symptoms , Diagnosis, Treatment
Health / / December 12, 2017
Dermatitis called inflammatory skin reaction to various stimuli, which may manifest as contact dermatitis or drug reaction.To contact dermatitis is characterized by the occurrence due to the direct impact of the stimulus on the skin;toksidermii appear due to penetration into the internal environment of the body of foreign substances that cause similar changes in it.
That is, for example, reaction in the event of inflammation of the skin due to the use of a cream with any drug substance it is a contact dermatitis;in case of rash due to receipt of such a substance into the body through the intestines (with pills or food), we have drug reaction.
Depending on the disease and the characteristics of the flow of reasons to speak of a simple contact dermatitis;allergic contact dermatitis and eczema;seborrheic and perioral dermatitis;atopic dermatitis.
Dermatitis - Causes
disease most frequently dermatitis is caused by a chemical or physical environmental factors, but sometimes - allergies, genetic predisposition, etc.
Simple dermatitis may appear at each person as a result of the impact of the so-called obligate stimuli: friction, pressure, radiation and temperature impacts, acids and alkalis, some plants (eg nettles).
development of allergic contact dermatitis, in contrast to the simple, it does not take place immediately after contact with an irritant.Formation of an allergic reaction (sensitized) occurs within a few weeks, and then leads to repeated contact dermatitis.
Atopic dermatitis is a very complex disease, a chronic inflammatory skin lesions of allergic nature.It is caused by various factors - allergens, not only contact but also incoming inhalation (as pollen, dust) or food intake (food allergies).Predisposition to atopy is genetic.
Dermatitis - symptoms
flow simple dermatitis is acute or chronic.Acute dermatitis appear bright inflammation accompanied by itching, burning, pain, and sometimes - blistering and areas of necrosis, which leave scars.
For chronic dermatitis characterized by stagnant edema, cyanosis, thickening of the skin, peeling, cracking, increased keratinization, and sometimes skin atrophy.Acute symptoms of allergic contact dermatitis, and atopic dermatitis may appear as bright redness of the skin with marked swelling, followed by the appearance of bubbles and even bubbles that leave after the opening oozing erosion.
Dermatitis - diagnostics
disease diagnosis is important for the information on the nature of the stimulus, speed of dermatitis after contact with him, the boundaries of the defeat, and the results of laboratory tests: blood count, serological tests, and (if indicated) - histological.
Dermatitis - treatment and prevention
treatment is carried out better with the help of a doctor, not your own.dermatitis treatment is carried out by a dermatologist and allergist, if necessary - a gastroenterologist or other specialists.For the treatment of any type of dermatitis is the main event of the removal of the stimulus (for atopic dermatitis - the allergen).All forms of dermatitis and stage except ulcer, treated with corticosteroid ointments for complications - disinfecting components.In the case of chemical burns as first aid is carried out immediately with plenty of water and continuous flushing.
Treatment of atopic dermatitis is carried out only allergist with antihistamines, glucocorticoid drugs, allergen-specific immunotherapy.
Effective treatment of ulcerative necrotic lesions is possible only in conditions of a hospital.
prevention of atopic dermatitis is to prevent contact with the appropriate allergen;atopic dermatitis - in compliance with the diet.