Dysplasia - Causes, Symptoms , Diagnosis, Treatment
Health / / April 15, 2016
Dysplasia - a term that refers to a pathology in the development of organs, tissues and human body parts.Which may have began as during embryogenesis and in the postnatal period.
Usually this pathology is in various changes in size, shape, structure of cells, tissues and organs and is congenital, although in some cases manifests itself in childhood or even in older people.
Depending on the nature of the affected organ or tissue allocated, connective tissue dysplasia, a cervical uteri, hip, and metaepiphyseal fibrous dysplasia.
Ectodermal dysplasia includes more than hundreds of congenital diseases that affect the nails, hair, sweat glands and teeth.Also affects the shape of the toes and hands, seeing expressed in sensitivity to light, etc.
Cervical dysplasia is the most common form of developmental dysplasia.Which mainly affects women of childbearing age -. From 23-25 to 30-35 years, in most cases, it causes the human papillomavirus.
Skeletal dysplasia affects the structure of cartilage and bonestructure.Generally considered to be congenital narusheniemi, one consequence of which may be metaphyseal chondrodysplasia, disturbance of the nervous and cardiovascular systems, small stature, etc.
fibromuscular dysplasia most commonly affects the carotid and renal arteries, characterized by overactive cell growth directly in the walls of arteries, because of what is their narrowing.
Dysplasia - Causes
Basically, all the causes of the disease are genetic in nature, in consequence of that pathology develops with hormonal changes, with oxygen deficiency walls of different vessels and their inner-mechanical stress, infections or gynecological mother's diseases, adverse environmental factors, etc..d.The acquired form of the disease caused mainly postnatal or birth trauma.Cervical dysplasia provokes papilloma virus, and immune disorders.
Dysplasia - Symptoms Symptoms
dysplasia depends primarily on the type of disease and disorders of the development of an organ or tissue.Since fibrous dysplasia, there is poor circulation as a consequence of vasoconstriction, while the skeletal form of the disease is related to the violation of the human skeletal structure.Ectodermal dysplasia appears hair loss, irregular shape of nails and various skin diseases.However, with all this, there are unifying factors disorders and pathological changes, the main ones being the appearance of irregular forms of cells (pokilotsitoz) size mismatch (Anisocytosis), pigmentation disorders of tissues (giperzromatoz), as well as abnormal mitotic activity of the cells.
Dysplasia - diagnostics
* medical examination;
* comprehensive survey for the human papilloma virus (if necessary);
* hormonal examination;
* cytological examination;
Treatment of dysplasia and its manifestations depend on the organs and tissues exposed to disease.Fibromuscular dysplasia treated by angioplasty and surgery rekonstrukimvnoy, thus normalizing the blood pressure with the help of drugs.
Cervical caused by HPV treated cryosurgery - freezing method, laser therapy, and electrosurgical excision loop and so on.
Therapy skeletal dysplasia is mainly aimed at reducing the complications of disorders of the cardiovascular system and neurological diseases.
Treatment of ectodermal dysplasia, aims to eliminate the main symptoms of the disease.