Tonsillitis - Causes, Symptoms , Diagnosis, Treatment
Health / / August 12, 2017
called tonsillitis infection of the upper respiratory tract, which is manifested by inflammation of the tonsils.By the nature of the flow tonsillitis is an acute (known as angina) or chronic.Chronic tonsillitis is suffering from 12% to 15% of the child population, and from 4% to 10% of the adult.
Tonsillitis - Causes
Most often acute tonsillitis is caused by a virus and Streptococcus, at least - mycoplasma and chlamydia.Path of transmission - airborne source - patients carriers.
If not properly treated, or its absence, a weakened organism or the presence of other chronic diseases acute tonsillitis can become chronic, which is characterized by periodic exacerbations.Chronic tonsillitis is a focus of infection in the body, which weakens its force and spread the infection to other organs.Most often these complications relate to the heart and kidneys.
Chronic tonsillitis may also develop in the persistent violation of nasal breathing (eg, in the case of the curvature of the nasal septum, increasingthe inferior turbinates, nasal polyps, and so on. D.).The reasons include the nature of the local presence of infectious foci in the surrounding organs.
important factors of development and course of chronic tonsillitis are the weakening of the body's immune forces and allergic conditions, which can act as a cause of chronic tonsillitis and its consequence.
Tonsillitis - symptoms
Acute tonsillitis is characterized by a rapid rise in temperature up to 39 ° C, chills, headache, sore throat, worse swallowing, pain in muscles and joints.After 5-7 days, unless there are complications, the major clinical symptoms of fever, intoxication, inflammatory changes in the tonsils are, however, the lymph nodes may be enlarged up to 10-12 days.
main sign of chronic tonsillitis are recurring tonsillitis.He also manifested persistent or recurrent pain when swallowing, pain in the submandibular lymph nodes, sore throat, bad breath, expectoration of purulent plugs, sometimes - low grade fever.Can disturb pains in the heart and joints.
Tonsillitis - diagnostics
diagnose tonsillitis with the definition of its shape and the stage can only be a doctor - otolaryngologist, analyzing a set of general and local signs, and based on anamnestic data, objective symptoms and laboratory indicators of bacteriological examination.
Tonsillitis - Treatment and prevention
Conservative treatment of acute tonsillitis includes antibiotics, lavage of tonsils (to remove purulent plugs) and lubricate Lugol's iodine solution, physiotherapy.
One of the prerequisites for treatment of acute tonsillitis is bed rest, which is necessary to speed up recovery and prevent complications.Also for the removal of pathogens and their degradation products from the body the patient is prescribed abundant warm drink (preferably alkaline).Purulent angina are treated with mandatory use of antibiotics and drugs that reduce swelling and decrease the body's allergic condition (antihistamines).
must be remembered that at the wrong treatment of acute tonsillitis or lack of it becomes chronic!
Preventive conservative treatment of chronic tonsillitis is to carry out a whole range of medical procedures.They contribute to the destruction of pathogenic microflora residing in the gaps of the tonsils, tonsils improve drainage, correction of the patient's immune system.These procedures consist in washing the lacunae of tonsils, lubrication tonsils antiseptic solutions, carrying out physiotherapy, the use of immunomodulatory agents.Such treatment must be carried out twice a year.
When conservative treatment fails, or a high risk of complications, apply the surgical treatment of tonsillitis, which may take the form of:
- tonzillotomii, which involves the removal of tonsils or cropping;
- operation based on cryotechniques (destruction of damaged tissue by cold);
prevention of acute tonsillitis is to maintain the immune system in good shape, leading healthy lifestyles and tempering procedures.Prevention of exacerbations of chronic tonsillitis is the treatment of the tonsils and increase the body's resistance, and to address other sources of infection: adenoiditis, dental caries, diseases of the paranasal sinuses.