Growing dill - aromatic herbs in the country, in the greenhouse and at home.Methods dill cultivation , sowing, fertilizing , fertilizer and cut
A House And A Garden / / August 12, 2017
fennel - herb, which everyone knows, many people like it for its pleasant smell.
It is used fresh in salads, first and second dishes, frozen and dried for the winter.
seeds and inflorescences of this culture are used mainly in preserving and marinades.
Almost every gardener grows dill on the site, but the lush and juicy it turns out not everyone.
often grow thin yellowish or reddish bushes that bloom too early.It is advisable to sow fennel every 15 days during the season, or to plant fragrant and fruitful bush dill.
Growing dill.Selection of varieties of seed and sowing dill
produce from spring after the snow melts and before the end of the summer, it is desirable to pre-seed for 3-4 hours, changing the water 2-3 times to remove them from impeding the germination of essential oils.After that, they need to be dry, and plated on a bed in the shallow grooves (1.5-2 cm) dug 15-20 cm or randomly.The appearance of the first sprouts occur when the soil is heated to 5 degrees.During this period, the soil must be moist (especially in summer).Prolonged lack of moisture in the garden with fennel, it blooms.
Changing the colors of the leaves - a clear sign that the plant is not in order, if the soil is too dry or there's little nitrogen the leaves turn yellow, water-logged or too dense soil causes redness, darkening of the leaves - a sign of superficial necrosis.
When growing late-dill (grade Alligator and Rime) to grow a crop of early greens, the best way to use the seedling - as sowing seeds in early April can be the end of May to get the first harvest.you must prepare the boxes and the right soil mixture for growing seedlings of dill.I fall asleep in a drawer ground, it makes grooves in 1.5-2 cm, 1 cm deep.Seeds are sown 1 cm, and the top cover soil watered.Boxes, having covered the film is placed in a warm place (20-25 degrees) until the first sprouts.After 1.5-2 weeks after the onset of germs film is removed and put the box on 2-3 days in a room where the temperature is maintained at 10-12 degrees.Thereafter, the temperature in the room was set at 18-22 degrees.After the formation of the leaf seedlings are transplanted under the scheme 5 by 5 cm, in the open ground seedlings are transplanted when they were 3-5 leaf appears.
anchor .Early variety, greens begin to clean up after 39-40 days from the appearance of sprouts, seeds removed at the age of 65-70 days.At the plant grows about 10 leaves, height of the bush for more than 22 cm. Plants can collect 20-38 grams of fragrant green, green leaves, medium size.
Max .Middle-Class, the first greens can be cut by 41-44 days from seedling emergence, in the spices take away at the age of 76-84 days.At the plant grows about 11 leaves, height of the bush more than 23 cm, you can collect 20-44 grams of fragrant greenery.
Redoubt .Early variety, the first greens can be cut by 39-41 days from seedling emergence, in the spices take away at the age of 50-63 days.At the plant grows about 10 leaves, bush height of about 23 cm, can collect 20-40 grams of green.
Rime .Mid-grade, the first greens can be cut by 42-45 days from seedling emergence.At the plant grows about 16 leaves up to 28 cm from the bush you can collect 30-40 grams of green.
The bush varieties differ from the usual:
1. In bush varieties of dill lower internodes are close to each other, in the axils of the leaves are developing runaways.Fluffy and juicy, and they form the bush, it almost does not occur in the usual dill, incapable of bushes;
2. Plants are obtained strong, grows up to 1.5 m, and individual plants in the greenhouse could reach 2.5 m;
3. rosette consists of not less than 10-15 leaves, the same length as those that grow on the stem;
4. The stem develops slowly, the plant long throws inflorescence.For this reason, you can repeatedly throughout the season to collect plants.On a normal family enough for all 20 plants cluster of fennel, which will be able to provide harvest for the whole year, enough even for the workpiece;
5. Harvest at such plants harvested better and a lot more greenery.
Experienced gardeners are advised before sowing dill seeds soaked them for a different color varieties, it is desirable to grow the seedlings.To soak the seeds wrapped in fabric and cut, moistened her, kept a couple of days in a warm place.Then they need to dry for 20 minutes in air, sown in the soil prepared.Generally uniform seedlings appear within two weeks, this period is necessary to maintain soil moisture in the drawers.fennel seeds germinate well at a temperature of 3 degrees.
fennel on greens
After fennel varieties were bred, blooming late for a period of 20-30 days, cut greenery, no longer have to sow it again in two weeks.You can sow it after the maturation of the soil and in the first decade of July, so that fresh herbs will come to the table all season until frost.Shrub varieties of this crop bloom later and as a result, grow a lot of aromatic herbs.On the beds they should be sown at least - the distance between individual plants of 10-15 cm and large shrub varieties, it is desirable to sow at intervals of 30-40 cm When the seedlings grow to a height of 10-12 cm, break through the crops, removing every second plant with its root..Once again they will grow up to shade each other, break through again.
Last thinning produce, leaving space in the row of 15 cm, the greens are harvested, only tearing leaf, bush itself is not necessary to uproot.
Umbrellas of fennel
easier to obtain seeds and raw materials for pickling vegetables from ripening varieties.Sow dill should be early in the spring or before winter, so you can get early germination and at the end of the summer you will be provided for dill pickles.Sow the seeds of dill can be randomly like the garden beds with different vegetables (as a seal) or separate beds.Attractive look dill umbrellas among the flowers in the flowerbeds or in the rose garden.
seeds collected after they become greyish-beige color and is hard.It is important not to be late with the cleaning, so as not to have started to fall seeds, dried them in the shade in a ventilated area, spreading on paper or fabric with a thin layer (not thicker than 3-4 cm).If harvested from the seed is not the flavor of dill, and the smell of mold, the use in food, the product is not necessary, it is better to throw out spoiled seeds.
Growing dill.Sowing (.. Deadlines, feeding, shelter, temperature, soil, etc.)
Outdoors fennel seed can be produced in two ways:
1. Autumn sowing;
2. Spring sowing.
It is cold-resistant culture will not die when the temperature is lowered to - 6 degrees, for this reason, the autumn sowing produces as late as possible (October - November).In the spring the seeds sown very early, as soon as the snow melts and will be working on the site.Dill perfectly reproduces by means of fallen seeds.If you do not cut off the umbrellas with the ripened seeds, then the next year, the garden will be a lot of fragrant dill sprouts.
beds for spring planting dill should be prepared in the fall.It is necessary to dig up the flower bed by 25 cm, making digging 10 liters of compost per 1 m2.In the spring there will be only smooth the surface and prepare the beds groove depth of 2-3 cm, leaving between them a space of 20 cm. They are sowing seeds, asleep on top of the groove with a thin layer of rotted compost or humus.Fennel can be sown several times over the summer, 20-25 days, the plant grows to 20 cm, to collect the seeds will have to wait until ripen umbrellas.
Sectional dill gardeners have recently appeared, outwardly it differs from conventional varieties and growing technology it has a little different.Of course, if it is to grow up as a simple dill, then you will be able to gather the harvest, but its unique features it does not show.The main advantage of this species - a large number of leaves and the size of the plant.Such dill able to grow up to 1.5 meters in height, for this reason it is necessary to leave sufficient space between individual plants (about 25 cm).Sectional dill requires fertile soil and warm weather, so it is often grown in greenhouses.Outdoors, it also gives a good harvest, but in this case it is best to plant the seedlings.On a bed of fennel seedlings are transplanted when the ambient temperature is set at 20-25 degrees.
If you do not want to grow seedlings, it is advisable to sow dill bush in the glass or plastic greenhouses.A good result will give the cultivation of this plant under the temporary film shelters.By digging spring soil make compost or rotted good humus (0.5-0.7 bucket per 1 m2).No need to add on a bed of fresh manure, lime or dolomite flour.You can replace humus with cow manure in a ratio of 1:10 or bird droppings used to survive (in a ratio of 1:20), the infusion should be kept for 3-4 days.
Growing dill.Care, feeding
better to plant dill in the beds where grew in the past year cabbage or cucumbers, return the plant to the same area can be no earlier than 3-4 years.Of course, Shrub varieties less affected by powdery mildew and superficial necrosis, but not worth the risk.
dig up the ground, mark the groove depth of 2 cm slicing across their beds, a well-moistened soil and sown the seeds dry.To accelerate the emergence of seedlings, seeds are washed in warm water (temperature of 55- 60 ° C) to remove them from the essential oil.The grooves are placed seeds 2-3 cm, after the emergence of seedling crops need to thin out 2 times.
Make possible and in another way: the seeds sown at intervals of 10-12 cm, so only need one time to remove plants that interfere with the adjacent, leaving a distance of 20-25 cm If possible space for a simple dill 8-12 cm between the seedlings.then plant the bushes begin.Plants like moisture, necessary for them to provide regular watering.
If fennel develops slowly, it fed his BIUDom concentration 1:20.Chemical fertilizers should not be used to avoid nitrates glows in green mass.You can use complex fertilizer for top dressing.
to green dill comes to your table all season, it is necessary to sow varieties of different ripening and sow a few terms.The earliest products are grown by planting dill podzimnego.Sow it until sustainable cold snap, and then harbored beds upon the occurrence of stable frost 5 cm of mulch layer.When growing seedlings of fennel on greens in a phase 2-3 leaves thin out, leaving the plants are 3-4 cm, and fennel seed - 12-15 cm
Insistence bush varieties of dill compensated excellent yield..A total of 20 shrubs will provide the family not only in summer but also will make preparations for the winter.If you grow this crop in the open ground on the greens, it is desirable to break off the flower stalks, the plant will consume only wasted power.Shrub varieties better suited mainly for greenery.
Main pests and how to deal with them
main enemy is the fragrant leaves of mildew.This disease can occur at any time, on the leaves, stems or seeds of a plant that looks like a disease whitish coating.Quickly develop mildew in late summer, after the night cooling will start.The plant loses its aroma and taste, and then for the table is no longer suitable.Manifestations of the disease than white plaque can be seen by progressively chlorotic spots, gradually acquiring a yellow tint.
Dill, moreover, may develop superficial necrosis, a disease of fungal origin, marked by blackening on the stems and seeds, and occasionally on the leaves.
These are the main disease of fennel unpretentious, which may occur at any time, regardless of the method of growing plants.Treat their chemical composition is not necessary, since this culture a short period before harvest.For this reason only possible disease control with the help of preventive measures - with the help of patients and extermination of weeds, seed disinfection and crop rotation on the site.Disinfect seeds by heating them in a heated water (temperature up to 50 degrees) for 30 minutes.