Vulvitis - Causes, Symptoms , Diagnosis, Treatment
Health / / August 12, 2017
vulvity called inflammation of the external female genitalia (vulva), accompanied by itching, burning, copious, hyperemia and edema of the labia minora, painful sensations when urinating.This disease is dangerous to the possibility of infection go to the internal sexual organs;girls in early childhood, it may lead to the merging of the labia minora.
Vulvitis can be primary, when the cause of the infection is an injury or a failure to comply with the purity of the genitals, and the secondary, where the infection develops in other organs (vagina, uterus, tonsils, bladder, kidney).
vulvitis Depending on the source of infection are non-specific and specific.Specific diseases represented the lower divisions of the genitals, which are due to viral infections, chlamydia, candida, trichomonas, etc.The cause of non-specific vulvitis are staphylococcus, streptococcus, E. coli.
Vulvitis - Causes
vulvity most often occur because of these reasons:
- poor personal hygiene, especially during menstruation;
- wearing tight clothes and coarse, long-term use of sanitary napkins or injury during sexual intercourse;
- irritation of mucous secretions from the vagina, accompanying the existing genital infections, or incontinence;
- taking certain medications (eg, antibiotics) or radiation therapy;
- hormonal and metabolic disorders in the body, as well as allergic reactions;
- the presence of pathological moves (fistula) from the intestine, urinary tract;
- scratching of the external genitalia, which are caused by vegetative neurosis or helminthiasis.
disease symptoms can be acute or chronic symptoms In vulvity.Acute vulvitis accompanied by pain, burning, intense itching of the external genitalia.At gynecological examination can visually determine edema and hyperemia of the vulva, which often appear allocation or plaque.
For chronic phase is characterized by the presence of only a small itching, burning and pain in the external genital organs.Delays in treatment of vulvitis may lead to chronicity and frequent exacerbations, which are difficult to treat.
diagnosis of the disease can diagnose vulvitis gynecologist on the basis of medical history, gynecological examination, colposcopy (if necessary), and laboratory results.To isolate the causative agent of inflammation, conducted smear and culture inoculation to determine the sensitivity to antibiotics.
Also important is the determination of vulvitis related diseases, contributing to the development of infection or lowering immune status.
Vulvitis - treatment and prevention
for treatment of vulvitis primarily remove its causes - chronic extragenital and gynecological diseases, and carry out immune correction in conjunction with a local anti-inflammatory treatment.Sometimes antibiotics are prescribed, including locally.Vulva, having a specific nature (gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, chlamydial, TB), is treated with regard to a specific pathogen and its sensitivity to antibiotics.Candida vulvitis treated with antifungal drugs.For the treatment of allergic vulvitis used antihistamines, as well as dieting, which prevents the sweet, spicy and salty foods.
Prevention of vulvitis is the timely treatment of common diseases and the elimination of foci of chronic infection;personal hygiene;healthy lifestyles and strengthening immunity.It must be remembered that the correct hygiene of girls is the key to their future women's health.Vulva, finished the cure as a child in the future could cause serious gynecological problems, including infertility.