Strawberry Cultivation : the choice of planting material and creation of the necessary conditions .Care and feeding , as well as measures to combat diseases and pests
A House And A Garden / / August 12, 2017
Strawberry - a light-requiring and thermophilic berry that requires careful care and special growing conditions.At one point, it may give a high yield for 3 - 4 years, after which the bush is better to transplant to another location.
Keep in mind that you need to choose a sunny and quite ventilated areas for planting this crop.
Successful cultivation of strawberries and its yield will depend on the planting, proper care, as well as the choice of good planting material.
Selection of planting material
The role of planting material are the young bushes that grow on the large mustache uterine bushes.They usually appear every year, but not all are suitable for planting.Taking need sockets that are as close as possible to the mother bush.Harvested seedlings desirable to those bushes, which give the highest yield.They must be aged 2 - 3 years.If uterine bushes will be over, the harvest will not be high.In addition, this plant material will be better developed.
whiskers start to form after flowering strawberries, but only after the harvest they are well developed and they appear rosette leaves.After some time, they take root small bushes.It is possible to take them for planting.It is not necessary to use as seed clumps resulting from the division of a large bush.In this case, the subsidiary outlet pass all his illnesses.
choosing planting material, you first need to pay attention to its roots.They must be well developed.In this case, even a weak leaf rosette well and quickly take root and will grow well in the future giving a large crop.If the bushes for planting will have shallow roots, they can just die after planting.
Site preparation for planting strawberries
Wanting to get a good crop, you should seriously consider the choice of the place where the strawberry planting will be carried out.First of all it should be a smooth surface.Well suited south-western slopes.Do not plant shrubs on steep slopes.There's snow will go quickly, which will lead to expose the roots.In such places, the plants will get sick more often, and the berries will be necessary later date.Not suitable place and in the lowlands, where water is constantly, which is also detrimental to the roots.
After selecting a suitable location, you can move on to the preparation of the soil. need to create all the necessary conditions , that planted plants have taken root.To do this, the soil should be dug, well-fertilize, and clear it of weeds and pests.We need to try to dig the soil as deeply as possible, becauseit will help create a good environment for the development of the root system.It will be more stable, resulting in a high yield.If you plan to plant strawberries in the spring, it is necessary to earth digging in the fall.For fall planting soil is prepared for 2 - 3 weeks before planting.
digging you need to make organic fertilizer.Their role may be a rotted manure, compost, peat, etc.It is also used and fertilizer.In 1 square meter can make 2 tbsp.nitrophosphate spoon.Do not get too overused fertilizers, otherwise strawberries will intensify the growth processes that go at the expense of fruiting.In case, you do not need to fertilize it further if the soil itself is quite fertile.
After digging and fertilizing the soil, it is necessary to form a bed.If there are ground water and the area is quite low, it is necessary to make them taller.It will be enough to make a bed height of 30 - 35 cm. If the area is dry, they can be raised to 10 cm, or simply do not pick up.Above you can sprinkle a little coarse sand.This soil will be fewer pests such as slugs, centipedes and snails.
be planted strawberry garden is possible in August.Best time is considered to be from 25 July to 10 August.At this time you can grow a well-developed plants, which will have strong roots.However, everything will depend on the region and climate.In some southern regions, where in August is very hot, planting is carried out in early September.Planting strawberries can and spring.This should be done as soon as the seedlings will go into growth.
When planting seedlings using their own, then it must be separated from the mother hive with a small lump of earth, and then immediately land on the flower bed.In the case where the seedling was purchased anywhere, it needs to be 10 - 15 minutes, placed in saline solution with the addition of copper sulfate.For its preparation should be diluted with 3 tbsp.spoons of salt in 10 liters of water and add to it 1 small spoon of copper sulphate.Put this solution should be fully outlet with the root system.After that, they should be removed and rinsed in clean water.Now bushes can be planted in the flower bed.
Planting strawberries in several ways:
1. Seedlings of early varieties are planted close together.Done thickened landing.For this purpose, each plant at a distance of 15 cm from each other.Between the rows should be 60 cm. With this arrangement, the series in high yield is achieved first year.However, every second plant is to be deleted after the last collection of berries.This will increase the distance between the bushes up to 30 cm. This will ensure a good harvest, and in the second year.
2. Seedlings late varieties need to be planted at a distance of about 20 cm from each other.Between the rows must also be 60 cm. After the harvest will be collected every second bush must be removed to increase the distance to 40 cm.
3. Grow strawberries can and vertical and multi-tiered beds.For this purpose the containers and other containers which are disposed vertically.You can choose to make the shape of a pyramid or cone.It saves space and is suitable for those who have a small area.The main thing is that the amount of capacity has been more than six liters, which is necessary for the root system.It is filled with pre-prepared soil.
No matter what method is chosen, you need to plant strawberries in the evening or cloudy weather.The plants must acclimatise.In the rows need to make small holes in each of them to pour a liter of water.Thereafter, the wells can be planted seedlings.Be sure to make sure that heart, located on the back, it was not too recessed or raised.This will lead to rot or dry out the bush.The roots should be spread so that they are not bent.Each bush covered with soil.If the soil is not too wet, it can be poured on top of another.
After the strawberries will be planted, you need to loosen aisle.With proper planting for winter spreading good bushes will be formed, which in the summer will give the first crop.
Care strawberries: watering, mulching, protection against frost
strawberries requires special care, the main role in which plays watering .Determine its frequency can be analyzed the soil moisture at the depth of twenty meters.If it is dry, then water plants is a must, but if the soil is even slightly damp, then enough water.Do not get too much pereuvlazhnyat soil sinceas it adversely affect the strawberries.On average, during the growth of bushes should be watered them once in 7 - 10 days.Once the berries begin to appear, they need to be watered more frequently, reducing the interval to 5 days.It is also important as it is to water the strawberries.This should be done only from watering at the roots, or via drip irrigation.
from time to time after irrigation should be carried out loosening the soil between the rows and the immediately surrounding bushes.This should be 7 - 8 times over the summer, but all will depend on the soil conditions.This should be done and with the appearance of the crust.Weed beds needed and the appearance of weeds.Such care is a must, as this will depend on the state of the bushes.
order to retain moisture in the soil should be carried mulching .In the role of mulch can be a rotted straw, tree leaves, reeds and the like. D. All this must be spread between the rows after the first spring loosening.Allowed to spread a mulch layer 7 - 8 cm. This not only helps to keep moisture in the soil, but also will prevent the berries from pollution.
Care strawberries and reduced to the removal of his mustache .They appear around each bush.It is necessary to leave only those mustaches that would be required for seedlings.Others will only hinder the bushes right to grow and gain strength.When you delete a mustache harvest will be higher, and larger berries.If the winter killed some bushes, then they need a place to plant new ones.
In winter strawberries can be damaged by frost.To prevent this, you should cover it with leaves or straw.It is necessary to lay it not only leaves, but also between the rows.This will protect from frost root system.In hot areas, the cultivation of strawberries is complicated by the fact that the leaves quickly wither and dry up in the heat.To avoid this problem can be planted between rows of onions, garlic and so on. D.
If the soil before planting has been soiled, additional dressing may not need the first two years.However, the need in the fertilizer will depend on the general condition and fertility of plants.Make their need for a second or third year.It is advisable to do it in the fall or early spring.It suits both organic and mineral fertilizers.You can use chicken manure, humus, ash, compost, and so on. D.
Fertilizers must be spread evenly between the rows, and beside each bush.After that, they should be sealed into the soil using a spade or hoe.Make so that fertilizer can be annual, if the soil is depleted.If this was not the fall or early spring is made, the dressing can be applied before flowering plants.Use this can be manure or poultry manure.Another such feeding should be done before the maturation of the berries.Make a fertilizing is necessary only in a liquid form into preformed grooves between the rows.
To prepare the slurry, it is necessary to dilute the triple amount of water, so as not to burn plants.If you use fertilizer, you need to plant them in a proportion of 5 - 6 buckets of water per 1 kg.After fertilization, the strawberries should be watered, and the grooves between the rows to bury.Through time, the soil should be loosened.It is not necessary to spend fertilizing during dry weather.
Diseases and pests.Measures to combat them
Strawberries can be exposed to various diseases.The most dangerous and frequently encountered include:
1. Gray mold .On berries begin to appear softened brown spots.They gradually increased and the berries are covered with dense gray bloom, resulting in rot.To combat the disease, strawberries need to handle drug "Barrier" and preparation HOM.
2. Powdery mildew .It first affects the leaves.They are twisted and become rough, getting light bronze color.Berries are covered with powdery start bloom and rot.To fight you need to spray the beds solution of manganese potassium or sulfur colloid before the appearance of buds.Affected berries must be burned.Another treatment is necessary to make after the harvest.You can use the drug "Topaz".
3. Spotting strawberry white, brown and brown .Manifested spots on the leaves that fall in the latter.To prevent the need to spray the leaves of preparation "Barrier."
addition to prevent disease prosperous growing strawberries can pests such as:
1. mite , damaging young leaves.They thus curl and turn yellow.Berries are also small.Mites multiply in wet weather.To fight them you need to spray the drug strawberries "Karate" after harvest.
2. slugs, millipedes, snails, ants - damage the berries.Most often they are found in damp and shady places.To deal with them before flowering and after harvest strawberry harvest is necessary to spray the drug "Arrow".
If you take all necessary measures for the care and protection of strawberry time, you can get a large gathering of berries.If you do not deal with pests, the whole work will be in vain.