Are mushrooms useful, or from disproportionately harm ?Important information about mushrooms and their dangers , benefits and calories
Diet / / April 01, 2016
Mushrooms have become part of a nutritious diet of people for a long time.
Is this product as useful as tasty?
This question is particularly relevant in our time, when the interest in the use of wild nature's gifts is growing everywhere.
composition of fungi, caloric and their role in the lives of people
Mushrooms are widely used and are not only used as food.For useful properties due to their often used in medical and commercial sectors.What are they so valuable?In
fresh mushrooms is 92% water and about 5% of nitrogenous compounds which are represented by 70% of proteins.
Protein percentage is much more in the dried mushrooms, so they are often called "forest meat".The most nutritious part is the cap because of the large its content of protein substances.
However, it is worth remembering that the fungi heavily absorbed by the body due to the presence in their composition of fiber, which is indigestible for the human organism.To facilitate the work of the digestive system, "forestmeat" is cut into small pieces and chew well during meals.In powdered form, they absorbed by the body by 70%, and if crushed dried mushrooms into a powder, then this figure will reach a record high of 88%.
In addition to fiber, consisting of cellulose and lignin of the fungi include chitin, which is found in the cells of crustaceans, various insects, spiders, etc.and gives greater stability of the protective layer.
In gribvh contains very little fat, and they are absorbed by the body easily.In their preparation can involve animal fats such as butter or cream.
Young mushrooms can be found carbohydrate polysaccharide, which later splits into glucose and mannitol, and therefore is not found in the old mushrooms.Mannitol, glucose and contribute to the formation of mucus in the mushroom hats during wet weather.
fungi have a low calorie, than they are very valuable.In many ways, this factor depends on the method of preparation, which deserves special attention.Here are the most familiar types of mushrooms, and their calorie content per 100g.product with different methods of preparation.
Calorie pickled mushrooms:
• White - 24 kcal
• Oyster - 23 kcal
• Shiitake - 26 kcal
• Butter mushrooms - 18 kcal
• Honey mushrooms - 18 kcal
Calorie fresh mushrooms:
• White - 30 kcal
• Oyster - 38 kcal
• Shiitake - 16 kcal
• Chanterelles - 20 kcal
• Butter mushrooms - 9 kcal
• Honey mushrooms - 17 kcal
• boletus - 31 Kcal
• aspen - 22 kcal
• Ryzhikov -17 kcal
• Morels - 27 kcal
• Syroezhko - 15 kcal
• Truffles - 51 kcal
• ringlets - 9 kcal
• Mushrooms - 27 kcal
• Shiitake - 34 kcal
Calories of dried mushrooms:
• White - 282 Kcal
• Chanterelles - 261 Kcal
• boletus - 231 Kcal
• aspen - 315 Kcal
• Shiitake - 331 Kcal
what useful properties are expressed
mushrooms in addition to these proteins, fats and carbohydrates in the composition of fungi are the B vitamins, to a lesser extent vitamin C, PP and provitamin A (carotene).Furthermore, such fungi there minerals such as phosphorus, calcium, potassium, iron, necessary to maintain the health of the organism and iodine, magnesium, zinc and copper, which are actively involved in metabolism.
potassium and sodium must be in a state of equilibrium in the human body.If modern man enough sodium in excess in the form of salt, then potassium deficiency can negatively affect the health .Magnesium has a beneficial influence on the absorption of calcium, and its deficiency can cause the appearance of complications such as vasospasm.
In medicine mushrooms used to create a variety of antibiotics, which include penicillin, as well as for the treatment of infectious diseases.In oriental medicine as an anesthetic and anti-inflammatory medications are used Kombucha.In folk medicine, the use of fly agaric found (from diseases of the nervous system), beetle (alcoholism) and Chaga mushroom (from tumors).Another treatment is the boletus mushroom (Boletus edulis), has a tonic and anti-cancer properties.Mushrooms can be used all year round, even if you know how to properly harvest and store.
It should be noted that the mushroom caps have a miraculous predisposition to strengthen the immune system.Regular consumption of mushrooms is a good prevention against cardiovascular disease and cancer.
Excessive content of zinc and vitamin B can help prevent mental exhaustion and emotional disorders.
presence of fungi consisting of calcium, phosphorus, vitamin D and makes them useful product for teeth, bones, nails, hair and skin.
The fungi are harmful to the human body
Since fungi can accumulate harmful substances, they should be collected away from industrial enterprises, highways, railways, etc.Precautions should collect large mushrooms, because the fungus is larger, the more toxic and harmful substances stored in it.
Due to the content of the fungi chitin and cellulose, instead of the 25-30% of the proteins contained in the dried mushrooms, a human stomach to digest only 17-21%.That is why people with weak digestive system must be extremely cautious in their use of .In addition to the poor digestibility, mushrooms tend to slow down the secretion of gastric juice, which is bad for the digestion of all the products that have been eating along with mushrooms.For these reasons, the mushrooms are considered heavy food.
highest concentration of chitin of fungi found in the legs, therefore, if possible, should be excluded from the diet, and if this is not possible - to remove the top layer before cooking.
Another dangerous substance, which can not pass - choline .Choline - an extremely toxic products, the use of which may cause symptoms of poisoning such as diarrhea, decreased heart function, shortness of breath.This component is included in all fungi, but the amount always different.In mushroom choline is from 0,007 to 0,009% by dry weight, from chanterelles to 0.007%, the young Borovik 0.1-0.2% and in mushroom - 0,4% .Choline is a product of the decomposition of protein and fat, so fungi that had time to deteriorate or decay, are extremely dangerous food.
And the last paragraph are poisonous mushrooms, which can not only cause serious poisoning, but also result in death.If there is no confidence in the safety of fungi, it is better to refrain from their use.
Harm and benefits of mushrooms for the child
In no event should not be given to children fungi.GI child is too weak and is not able to process the substance contained in the mushrooms.If you use mushrooms as a child, you can make the disorder for the digestive system.At the same time use them can not be boiled or dried, or in any other form.
mushrooms can cause severe poisoning, which will not pass without consequences.Even after careful treatment in fungi may be harmful substances.The body of an adult is able to handle them with little or no consequences, and in the gastrointestinal tract of the child, these enzymes can cause severe poisoning.
Full digestive system is formed closer to 14 years , so give the mushrooms young children absolutely contraindicated.
Harm and benefits of mushrooms for pregnant and lactating women
Just note that pregnant women are not forbidden to eat mushrooms, if they adhere to certain rules, which are able to reduce the harm from these products fastidious.
• First, do not eat mushrooms, edibility of which is being questioned.This rule must comply with all the people, but it is especially important for pregnant women, because it is their responsibility for the future health of the child.
• Thoroughly boil the mushrooms before use.This will get rid of the most harmful substances, while retaining a lot of useful properties.
• Mushrooms should be cut as finely as possible, so that the body was easier to digest them.
• You can not eat salty, fresh and marinated mushrooms. The best option would be boiled or steamed , but acceptable, there are fried, if not tormented by heartburn.
• A good addition to the mushrooms are tomatoes, cucumbers, potatoes, carrots, parsley, beets, cabbage, citrus fruits, because of the high content of vitamin C.
few words about preparation.Cooking mushrooms should not be less than an hour, but before that it is necessary to boil for half an hour on low heat.
separate item can affect Kombucha .This product is contraindicated for people with digestive diseases and diabetes, but at the same time is able to:
- normalize blood pressure;
- improve sleep;
- positive impact on the nervous system.
It ingestion.For external use Kombucha improves skin and hair, and prevents the appearance of age spots.
Nursing mothers also many doctors categorically prohibit the use of mushrooms as a child with milk transmitted not only useful but also harmful substances.
Mushrooms in the use of their nursing mother can cause a child's stomach problems and even trigger allergies.