Angina during pregnancy : all you need to know about this disease, expectant mothers .How to cure a sore throat during pregnancy , antibiotics are required ?
Motherhood / / August 12, 2017
During pregnancy, the expectant mother becomes the most vulnerable from the impact of negative factors, since child-bearing immune system is greatly reduced.Therefore, throughout all nine months of pregnancy, women should be very careful about their health and, at the first sign of ailments, immediately contact a specialist.
The dangerous angina during pregnancy
angina during pregnancy can cause significant harm to the baby, as this disease is accompanied by symptoms such as fever and intoxication body.These symptoms can become a cause of fetal hypoxia.At the first sign of a tickle in my throat to see a doctor, at the same time better to visit an otolaryngologist or an infectious disease, and not the general practice physician, for setting the most accurate diagnosis.Since this disease as angina, is not common among pregnant women, malaise may indicate that the woman fell ill SARS banal.But while weakening immune respiratory infections can cause complications, it is necessary during the start competent treatment under the supervision of a specialist.
transmission method angina - airborne and contact, so the infection is only possible when dealing with the ailing person.The sources of infection which contribute to the development of angina, can be an ordinary caries and pustular diseases of the paranasal sinuses and nose.
diagnosis of angina in pregnant
Symptoms of acute tonsillitis manifested at the beginning of the disease: the temperature can rise to 40 0 C, there will be a general weakness of the body, disappears appetite.Typical signs of a sore throat is an inflammation of the submandibular lymph nodes - they increase in size and become painful, sharp pain and redness of the throat, pain when swallowing.There may also be nasal voice.
also a doctor for a complete picture of the diagnosis, the change may appoint a general blood test to determine the presence of inflammation in the body.Perhaps the purpose of radiographic examination (if there is a suspicion on the defeat of the joints) and echocardiogram (if there is a suspicion of complications affecting the cardio - vascular system).Bacteriological analysis will identify pathogens and smear from the nasal cavity - to exclude diphtheria.
treatment of angina during pregnancy
main method of treatment of angina is antibiotic therapy and the use of topical preparations.But during pregnancy, the use of some antibiotics is unacceptable and should be taken only after a doctor's prescription.The doctor will choose the antibiotics that have the least teratogenic effects - negative effects on the fetus.In modern medicine becomes more and more of these are safe for pregnant women, antibiotics, which are not in any way affect the course of pregnancy, especially in the later stages.
local effects Medicines , which is used directly in the inflammation, is also chosen with care.Many drugs in the form of sprays and rinses can be safely used, starting from the second trimester of pregnancy.The doctor may also prescribe a gargle with chamomile or sage - rinse decoction of herbs usually alternate with antiseptic solutions such as chlorhexidine or miramistin.You can also use a mild saline solution for rinsing, it is necessary for it to be warm.Such rinsing can be repeated quite often, for example, at the first sign of pain in the throat.
Common recommendations during angina refers abundant warm drink.It is important not to drink during an illness in food food and drink having an acidic environment, as it will adversely affect the throat, constantly annoying him, and bringing even greater discomfort.So better to choose to drink warm milk, but it is important that it was not hot.Also, despite the lack of appetite, need to eat, because the body during illness more relaxed, and the energy required and the expectant mother and the child.Take in the best food easily digestible foods such as porridge or soup.Care should be taken so that the food was not hot.You can not have sharp products.
Folk remedies for sore throat during pregnancy
As a warm drink, you can use herbal teas .For example, a decoction of leaves of sage: take 1 tbsp.l.leaves and pour cup of boiling water and then the mixture was infused for one hour, wrapped beforehand.Before use, you must drain the broth.Take as a drink for half a cup three times a day before meals.This decoction can also gargle.
can be used to prepare a decoction of chamomile.One item.l.flowers boiled water, then allow to stand for 30 minutes, wrapped.This decoction taking, adding honey and lemon, several times a day.
There is an effective recipe decoction with cornflower meadow.To make it, take a tablespoon of the mixture of flowers and herbs cornflower, pour 0.5 liters of boiling water.Insist at least two hours.Drink one glass three times a day, before meals, adding a small amount of honey or sugar.
When the body temperature, it is possible to bring down with medication using drugs prescribed by the doctor.But there are also well-known, time-tested methods.For example, such as the use of lime broth, cool baths and others.But an increase in temperature, should be treated with great caution, and if the temperature is not possible to reduce the materials at hand, should take medication and call the doctor.
If the body temperature is normal, it can be inhalation with essential oils .For this purpose, fit chamomile oil, eucalyptus, thyme and rose hips.It is necessary to heat the water and add the two - three drops of any oil, then cover with a towel and breathe over the steam for several minutes.After the procedure, you should immediately go to bed and hide.With extreme caution should be approached to this method of treatment to those who do not know how well carries oil of a plant.We need to listen to the reactions of the body and the first signs of sickness, such as dizziness or nausea, stop the procedure.
also used for inhalation potatoes .It is necessary to thoroughly wash and cook until complete cooking tubers can even "seethe" them.Then it is necessary, as well as by inhalation with essential oils, cover with a towel and gently inhale the steam mouth or nose, the procedure should last 10 - 15 minutes.Then, immediately wrap myself in a blanket and lie down.After inhalation, it is desirable to almost immediately take a warm drink, to enhance the positive effect.It is important to prevent hypothermia after the procedure, otherwise it will bring more harm than good.
When angina can use different compresses .One embodiment compress: to be folded into multiple layers of gauze or bandage impregnated weak solution of alcohol (ratio about 1: 3) and tie them to the neck.The next layer will oilcloth for a compress or a paper, then warm scarf or shawl.Compress Second Embodiment: honey mix, and aloe juice vodka in a ratio of 2: 1: 3 respectively.Then the circuit is the same as for the previous compress.Use this method of heating is possible, leaving a compress for the night, or multiple times a day, for 2-3 hours.Especially beneficial effect of compresses there, if lymph nodes are enlarged and painful.
With great care should be taken to hot foot bath. In the first trimester of pregnancy foot baths can be fraught with miscarriage.In the later stages of pregnancy, the risk of miscarriage is reduced, but if a woman has high blood pressure or varicose veins, the baths are also contraindicated.
Possible effects of angina during pregnancy
possible consequences of angina, especially in the early stages of pregnancy can be:
- strong toxicosis;
- risk of miscarriage;
- hyperthermia, as a result of a placental abruption can begin;intrauterine fetal abnormalities;
- fading fetus.
All these negative factors are due to the fact that bacterial infection penetrates directly into the bloodstream and can cause septic poisoning.But the later stages of pregnancy, angina is dangerous because the body expectant mother has already exhausted its main reserve forces, and this can be fraught with myocarditis, larynx abscess, meningitis and septic intoxication.You may also experience heart failure, pyelonephritis, infectious arthritis and glomerulonephritis.
At the same negative impact on the body of a pregnant woman mainly affects not themselves harmful bacteria - pathogens and comorbidities symptoms - high fever and general intoxication of the organism.
is important to remember that the risk of the negative impact of drugs on the fetus is much less than the risk of complications that may arise if a sore throat is not treated.That is why it is so important to begin treatment at the first sign of the disease.
angina during pregnancy: preventive measures
One of the best ways of angina prophylaxis during pregnancy - not come into contact with sick people. If all the same, someone from the family became ill with angina and contact with them is inevitable, it is necessary to best protect the expectant mother from the infection.She needs to wear medical mask, do not use utensils and other household items, together with a sick person, disinfect all surfaces in the apartment several times a day, as well as ventilate the room.
Another effective way to avoid the disease is scheduled scan doctors.It is especially important to visit during the second trimester of pregnancy, an otolaryngologist and dentist so that they can eliminate negative factors such as tooth decay and inflammation of the upper respiratory tract, which can contribute to the development of angina.
Also during seasonal epidemics of a pregnant woman should wear a surgical mask when visiting public places.And, of course, the main recommendations for the prevention not only of angina, but also other infectious diseases, strengthening the immune system is . necessary to use a large amount of fruits and vegetables, make regular walks in the fresh air and take complex vitamins designed specifically for pregnant women.
Taking care of yourself and your child - the main goal of the expectant mother during pregnancy.Therefore, treatment of diseases such as angina is better to entrust the doctor.
Do not self-medicate, because you can hurt themselves and the baby.When selecting drugs - medication or traditional medicine, you should consult a specialist in order to avoid unpleasant consequences.